First 271 words of the document:
(High e density)
Addn of H2 / Ni catalyst + H2O
1. Fermentation of sugars.
* ( electrophilic addition )
COM 2. e addition of H2O
Free radical substitution
Empirical Formula: the simplest whole-number ratio of the number of atoms of each element in a
Molecular Formula: gives the actual number of atoms of each element present in a molecule.
General Formula: the simplest algebraic formula to represent any member of the homologous series.
Structural Formula: gives minimal detail to show how the atoms are arranged in the molecule.
Displayed Formula: gives the most accurate representation of the molecule, showing all the bonds
and elements present.
Skeletal Formula: a simplified organic formula with carbon atoms shown as a skeleton and all the hy-
drogen atoms of the alkyl chains removed except for those of functional groups.