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Organic chemistry
Study of compounds containing carbon and hydrogen

Carbon forms strong and stable bonds with other C atoms

Electron configuration of C = 1s22s22px12py12pz0 only 2 unpaired electrons but forms 4

bonds because it is energetically favourable for an electron from 2s to be promoted to



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Functional group small group of atoms or single halogen atom that gives compounds in

the series particular chemical properties

Functional Name of series Suffix General formula First member
None Alkanes -ane CnH2n+2 Methane CH4
C=C Alkenes -ene CnH2n Ethene H2C=CH2
X where X is a Halogenoalkanes -ane CnH2n+1X Chloromethane…


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