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Organic chemistry
General
Study of compounds containing carbon and hydrogen

Carbon forms strong and stable bonds with other C atoms

Electron configuration of C = 1s22s22px12py12pz0 only 2 unpaired electrons but forms 4

bonds because it is energetically favourable for an electron from 2s to be promoted to

2pz




Bonding…

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Functional group small group of atoms or single halogen atom that gives compounds in

the series particular chemical properties


Functional Name of series Suffix General formula First member
group
None Alkanes -ane CnH2n+2 Methane CH4
C=C Alkenes -ene CnH2n Ethene H2C=CH2
X where X is a Halogenoalkanes -ane CnH2n+1X Chloromethane…

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