Oil Conflicts in Africa

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  • Created on: 18-06-14 09:19
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Conflicts in West Africa
In July 2005, China and Nigeria signed an $800 million crude oil sale agreement setting
in motion an annual purchase by China of 30,000 barrels a day for five years.
Low cost imports from China have largely devastated the textile and other consumer
product industries of Kano and Kaduna. In these largely Muslim cities, one Nigerian
parliamentarian described a frightening situation of vast numbers of unemployed
A number of Nigerians have also voiced objections to the "slave-like" labour
conditions in Chinese-operated factories across Nigeria. Attention was first brought
to these conditions when 37 Nigerian workers died after being trapped inside a
locked Chinese-owned factory that caught fire in 2002.
Nigeria's trade unions have complained that the increase in Chinese imports have
eliminated more than 350,000 manufacturing jobs, primarily in the textile sector.
A dissident group in the Niger Delta has warned all foreigners, including Chinese, to
stay out of the region. In recent years, more than a dozen Chinese nationals from a
variety of Chinese companies have been kidnapped in the region and eventually
Other countries
Some 20% of the 1,265 Chinese ships passing through the Gulf of Aden in 2008 came
under threat from Somali pirates, who captured a Hong Kong registered tanker.
2007 in the Somali-inhabited Ogaden region in southeastern Ethiopi: a rebel force
attacked a Chinese base camp used for gas exploration resulting in the death of nine
Chinese and the brief kidnapping of a number of others.
Although there is no evidence that China has in recent years been transferring arms
to African rebel groups, Beijing has actively sold small arms and light weapons (SALW)
to African governments. Some African governments transfer these weapons to rebel
groups that either serve their interests in neighbouring countries or they transfer
them to groups within their own country as Sudan did when it supplied weapons to
the Janjaweed in Darfur.


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