OCR SPEC A geography [Regeneration of Manchester Hulme, Settlement]

notes for the case study of regeneration of an inner city, manchester Hulme



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Preview of OCR SPEC A geography [Regeneration of Manchester Hulme, Settlement]

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Regeneration of an Inner City Area ­ Hulme Manchester
Hulme, Manchester ­ In UK's third largest city ­ Northwest England
Hulme ­ Background to the Problem
Grew rapidly in mid 19th Century to house workers of the Industrial Revolution
Slum area of the city ­ Outbreaks of Cholera
1923 ­ Hulme's Population Density 136 Residents per Acre
1934 ­ Hulme declared a `Clearance Area' ­ Some residents were relocated to
1960's ­ Hulme Crescents ­ Based on the Georgian Terraces of Bath (4 building blocks
built). Pedestrianised areas, landscaped open spaces, home to 12,000 people.
The Issues of the Flats
Cheap rapid construction using poor quality concrete ­ The buildings developed concrete
cancer (NOT THE PEOPLE!!!!!)
Heating Inadequacies ­ At the time of construction electric was cheap, but it became
increasingly expensive to use. The heating in the Crescents was electric.
Child Safety Issues ­ Children had nowhere to play safely.
Depression ­ There was no personal space (gardens) for residents. There was noise from
other residents as the walls were too thin.
Ill Health ­ The walls got damp and people got bronchitis.
After 10 years people were re-located out of the flats and students or couples with no
children moved in. This added to further deprivation and the area became more
The Hulme City Challenge
1991 ­ A scheme announced by the Government to revitalise inner city areas.
Manchester City Council ­ Had to submit a bid for Government Money.
Hulme was Successful ­ Gained £37.5 million made available to create a new Hulme.
Manchester City Council set up an organisation called Hulme Regeneration Ltd (HRL) to
co-ordinate the re-development.
HRL worked with AMEC (civil engineering firm) + variety of other organisations such as
Bellway Homes, Manchester City Council, Local Residents & Community Leaders ­ This all
helped towards creating a successful re-development scheme.
The New Hulme
Replaced concrete with bricks & mortar
Variety of architectural design & styles
`Green' Urban Areas' ­ Courtyards, roof gardens, balconies & window boxes.
Building Materials ­ Energy Efficient to keep heating bills low // Desinged to conserve
Older Buildings ­ Kept and restored ­ some made a focal point of Hulme.
New Park Created to be a focal point for the community.
Existing trees retained (left where they were) and new ones planted.
Stretford Road ­ Re-built (as it was destroyed in the 1960's re-development) and forming
an important route from Hulme to the city centre and the city's university. Important
community services on the road soon to become an important local shopping centre.
New roads built and existing ones retained.
Car-Parking ­ Off road and street parking introduced for residents and local businesses.

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Traffic Safety ­ Traffic speed reduced in residential areas.
Community & Services
Local schools received money to be re-developed.
New Park built ­ Playgrounds, Basketball Pitch, walking and social events.
Unemployment, Crime and a New Image.
Construction jobs went to local people during the re-development stage.
Several thousand jobs created in the service industry & office jobs.
1997 ­ New Asda supermarket built in South East Hulme ­ 350 jobs created.
Unemployment levels now low.
Crime Rates have dropped particularly in car theft and burglary.…read more


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