OCR SPEC A geography [Kobe Earthquake, Tectonics]

Notes for the case study of the kobe earthquake in Japan



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Case Study: Earthquake Kobe

Where: Kobe Japan

When: 17th January 1995

Time: 5:46am Local Time

Three crustal plates meet near to the coast of Japan. Close to Kobe, the denser oceanic
Philippines Plate is being subducted beneath the lighter continental Eurasian Plate at a rate
of about 10 centimetres…

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5,500 Deaths
235,000 People made homeless
100,000 buildings destroyed
$150 billion worth of damage

Residential Areas
90% died in their traditional homes. The roofs were too heavy (1 tonne of ornate
traditional Japanese roof tiles) in order to withstand typhoons. The sides wobbled and
warped during the earthquake and…

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Though more stringent safety standards were introduced over time, the Hanshin
Expressway was not updated and only had wire mesh going halfway up the concrete
The quake toppled the expressway and it collapsed.

After the Quake

Water, electricity, gas, telephone services were fully working by July 1995
The railways…

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