OCR Psychology G544: Approaches and Research Methods in Psychology - Section A plans and model answers

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Preview of OCR Psychology G544: Approaches and Research Methods in Psychology - Section A plans and model answers

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Section A: What to include in an Experiment:
Think: Who, What, Where, When, How ... NOT WHY? YOU WILL GET 0 FOR ANY
EVALUATION!
Start of with the aim of the study...
1. What?
IV State the IV and say how it's operationalised (i.e. what the 2 groups are).
DV State the DV and how it'd operationalised (e.g. the behaviour of the
Participants).
2. Who?
Sample size and any relevant characteristics
HOW you'd recruit the P's (the sample) and what sampling method you'd use with
an explanation.
How would they be allocated to the relevant conditions? (I.e. random allocation
such as flipping a coin, or pulling names out of a hat)
3. Where?
Where exactly would your study take place? (NB. Somewhere that's easily
accessible to you, such as a college canteen perhaps)
4. When?
When would your study be carried out? (Pick a day and time)
5. How?
This part requires a stepbystep procedure from the moment you've recruited your
P's until you let them go.
What materials are you going to use? E.g. if it's a test of some sort, pens, paper,
stop watch etc.
Timings? Do they have a minute/5 minutes to do a survey etc.
What data is being collected from them and what exactly are they doing?
Qualitative/Quantitative etc.
Mention the experimental design clearly. I.e. independent measures etc.
Section A ­ Correlations 19 Marker (Structure Plan):
Start off with the aim of the study...

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What?
What are the variables and how have they been operationalised numerically?
2. Who?
Sample size and any relevant characteristics
How you'd obtain the sample and what sampling method you'd use with an
explanation
3. Where?
Where will the study take place? (N.B. Somewhere you can access i.e. college
canteen)
4. When?
When will the study take place? (pick a time/day)
5. How?
A stepbystep procedure from the moment you've recruited the P's until you let
them go.…read more

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Duration of the observation?
5. How?
A stepbystep procedure from the moment you've recruited the P's until you let
them go.
Is the observation carried out overtly/covertly?
Where will the observer be located? Will he be part of the group or not?
Participant/NonParticipant?
Time/Event sampling/coding scheme
Finish the 19 marker by a summary of the data you'd collect.
Section A SelfReport (Structure Plan):
Start off with the aim of the study...
1.…read more

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The aim of the research was to investigate the studying habits of ALevel college
students. The number of studying behaviours was recorded. This was investigated by
using a covert, structured observation using event sampling.
Firstly, a coding scheme of behavioural categories was devised ­ this included a list
of 5 studying behaviours that the participants were expected to display. These 5
categories were reading textbooks, writing notes, Internet research, completing
homework and exam revision.…read more

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The paranormal belief scores (between 15) were collected for
those with an internal locus of control and those with an external locus of control.
Mark: 19/19
Section A: Correlation 19 Marker (Model Answer):
The aim of the research was to investigate the relationship between the number of
friends a person had and how often they socialise per month. The first variable,
'friends', was measured by asking P's how many friends they had on the social
networking site, Facebook.…read more

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For example, one category was
'fruit' and the words in this category were: Apple lemon cherry grape and plum. P's
then had to recall as many of the 40 words as they could in 2 minutes, which was
timed using a stopwatch. P's in the condition where context cues were present were
given a sheet of paper with the 8 original category headings on to aid their recall.…read more

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