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Individual Differences

(a) Outline the individual differences approach in Psychology. [4 Marks]

People are unique and so rather than studying the similarities between people it's the
differences between them that should be studied. Behaviour, which deviates from the norm, is
considered abnormal. Rules about what is `normal' won't apply to…

Page 2

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Another weakness of the ID approach is that there are ethical issues with labelling people as
`different', as this approach assumes that behaviour that deviates from the norm is considered
`abnormal'. The stigma attached with labelling can often produce selffulfilling prophecies. For
example, Rosenhan provided evidence that by labelling people…


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