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Imprisonment- planned behaviours
once freed from jail
Gillis
· Some prisoners leave prison intending to re-
offend. It's argued that if there is a plan for them-
e.g. a job they're less likely to reoffend
· Gillis did a content analysis comparing reoffending
rates of prisoners who had been released on
whether they had a job or not when they left. 70%
of the employed group stayed out of prison, and
only 55% of the unemployed group didn't
reoffend…read more

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Imprisonment- planned behaviours
once freed from jail
Evaluation of Gillis
Quanti data- clearly see and compare the
reoffending rates
Reductionist- only looks at having a job or not as
the main effector of reoffending- there are other
reasons such as home life, peer group etc
useful- government can see that people are less
likely to reoffend if they are set up with a job…read more

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Imprisonment- depression/suicide risk
Dooley
· According to the Howard League for Penal Reform,
there were 92 unnatural deaths in prisons in 2007, and
100 resuscitated. At any one time there are 1500
prisoners on suicide watch
· Dooley did a content analysis investigating unnatural
deaths in prison in England and Wales between 1972-
1987. of 442 unnatural deaths- 300 were recorded as
suicide, 142 were mostly recorded as misadventure,
including 52 from self-inflicted injury
· If they inflicted injury on themselves in the daytime,
they were likely to have wanted to be found. If they
chose hanging- they didn't want to be stopped…read more

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Imprisonment- depression/suicide risk
Evaluation of Dooley
reductionist- assumes that time of day and
length of death determines whether its
suicide or not- other factors e.g. time alone,
sudden urge
Useful to know about suicide trends to help
prevent it…read more

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Imprisonment- prison situation and
roles
Zimbardo
· It is argued that being in a certain situation can change
the way you behave- e.g. if you are in an authority role
you will act more dominating
· Zimbardo simulated a prison- with 22 males split into
prisoners and guards. They were given clothing which
reinforced division and prisoners were referred to by
number to dehumanise them. Guards went home at
the end of their shift but prisoners had to stay. The
study ended early because the prisoners showed signs
of emotional stress, and guards engaged in cruel
behaviour
· Being in the prison environment changed the
behaviour of the pps- became immersed in their role…read more

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