OCR pediments

pediments from the ocr spec

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Amie Wass
  • Created on: 01-05-12 15:43
Preview of OCR pediments

First 458 words of the document:

Medusa in the centre, in the running stance with two panthers either side of her. Medusa has a
frontal and grotesque face and body with profile arms and legs. Her stylised hair is cared to look like
snakes coiling out and was carved there to ward off evil spirits. The two crouching panders create
symmetry and pattern. They are large and not in scale with Medusa. They may have been used to
symbolise Artemis' role as the Goddess of the hunt. In between Medusa and the panthers on both
sides are Medusas' children: Chrysaor and Pegasus who were conceived by Poseidon in a temple of
Athena. Over all they are simply used as unified filling ornaments and serve little decorative purpose.
Further down on the left is Priam being killed by Neoptolemus which is mirrored in the right with
Zeus slaying a giant. A dead giant lies in each corner to fill the space, but is not linked to the rest of
the pediment. No unification of scale or chronology of myths portrayed.
The story illustrated was the struggle between Herakles and Apollo for the tripod. Herakles came to
Delphi seeking purification, but when this was denied him, he seized Apollo's sacred tripod in anger
and tried to carry it off. Apollo fought back and eventually Zeus had to intervene as they were both
equal in strength.
The Artist put Zeus in the middle where he towers over his sons and fills the apex of the pediment.
Herakles and Apollo either side of his are shorter and the female figures flanking them are shorter
still, so that the five central figures fit naturally into the shape of the pediment.
To the left and right of this myth, two other myths were shown, but are now lost. The figures in these
myths are not on the same scale and look strangely small in comparison to Zeus in the centre.
The narrative works better in the centre than at the sides. Artemis stands to the left of her brother
Apollo and belongs to the story, but the other figures who face the corners and the horses
accompanying them are not involved in the story. The sudden break in the story's illogical, and
therefore not aesthetically pleasing but disappointing.
The lower parts of the figures are carved in relief, but the upper parts have been carved free of the
background. The pediment is less than a metre wide and its small size may have encouraged this

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

By this time other pediments were normally carved fully in the
Athena is at the centre of both the west and the east pediments, creating unity. Either side of her
the Greeks are fighting against the Trojans. There is a duelling pair either side, creating symmetry,
flanked by archers, who initiate a movement out to the sides that is concluded by the dying figures
lying in the corners.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

The pediment is a still from the myth of Pelops' conquest of marriage to Oinomaos' daughter by
chariot race to win her hand. The pediment does not show the exciting climax of the myth, but the
moment of intense stillness before the chariot race begins. Oinomaos stands slightly to the left of
the centre of the pediment, hand placed confidently on his hip. He is speaking, explaining the
conditions of the race.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

On each side a hero fights to defend a woman from a centaur. One of these is Perithoos
and the other is Theseus. The bride, on Apollo's right, grapples fiercely with her assailant. She
thrusts an elbow into his face while she tries to pry his hand away from her breast. At the same time
she tries to move his other hand from around her waist. Though the centaur winces, he holds on by
winding one hoof around her thigh.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

The most complete surviving figure is a river god from the left hand corner. Distinctions between
bone, muscle and fat are skilfully indicated. In terms of function he is comparable to the rive god on
the Temple of Zeus but they are vastly different in terms of decoration. This one is characterised by a
wealth of subtle anatomical detail and transitions of great delicacy. The drapery was made to look as
though a current was sweeping it away.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Classical Civilization resources:

See all Classical Civilization resources »See all resources »