OCR Latin Prose Translations

OCR Latin Prose Translations

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  • Created on: 01-06-10 19:56
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Prasutagus, King of the Iceni, famous for his riches for a long time, had written that Nero was his
heir and his two daughters were also heirs thinking that by such submissiveness, both his
kingdom and his name would be safe from harm. Things turned out just the opposite, to such an
extent that the kingdom was plundered by centurions and his house was plundered by slaves just
as if it had been captured. To begin with his wife Boudicca was beaten and his daughters were
violated by rape. All of the chiefs of the Iceni, as if the Romans had received the whole region as a
gift, were deprived of their ancestral possessions and the relatives of the King were treated like
slaves. Driven by this humiliation and in fear of more serious things because they had been
reduced to the status of a province, they seized arms. The Triniobantes were moved to rebellion
and others who had not yet been broken by slavery pledged themselves in secret conspiracies to
take back their freedom. Their hatred of the retired soldiers was very bitter, who recently having
being settled in the colony of Colchester were driving the Trinobantes from their homes. They
were forcibly expelling them from their fields and they were calling them captives or slaves and the
soldiers were encouraging the insolent behaviour and the savagery of the retired soldiers because
of a similarity of life and in hope of the same freedom to misbehave. Moreover the temple built to
the divine Claudius was regarded as a focal point of eternal domination and the chosen priests
were pouring out all of their fortunes in the guise of religious fortune. And it did not seem
difficult to destroy the colony which was not fortified with any defensive walls because our leaders
haven't considered it enough since they paid attention to attractive appearance over practical use.
Now Suetonius had the 14th legion with detachments of the 20th and auxiliaries from neighbouring
areas, about 10,000 armed men: he prepared to hurry and join battle. And he chose a place with
narrow passes and closed from the back by woods for he knew that there would be no enemy
except in the front and the plain was opened without fear of ambushes. And so the legionary
soldiers were drawn up in close formation with the lightly armed troops stationed around the
massed cavalry stood by on the wings. But the British troops were rushing about widely
everywhere in groups of infantry and cavalry and a great crowd like no other and they were so
ferocious in their souls that they also dragged their wives with them as witnesses of their victory
and the placed them in carts which they had positioned at the edge of the plain.
At first the legion, not moving from its position and defended by the narrowness of the place,
after it had used it javelins on the approaching enemy with an accurate aim, it burst out as a wedge
formation. The auxiliaries also made an attack and the cavalry, with their spears at full stretch
broke through whatever was in the way strongly. The others turned trail in a difficult escape
because the surrounding carts had closed off the way out. And the soldiers did not even spare the
women and they even stabbed the baggage animals with javelins and increased the heaps of bodies.
On that day the soldiers gained a famous glory which was equal to ancient victories: indeed there
are those who report that a little fewer than 80,000 Britains had perished, about 400 of our
soldiers were killed and not many more were wounded. Boudicca ended her life with poison.

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The Power
The Druids are concerned with divine matters, they look after public and private sacrifices, and
they explain religious questions: a large number of young men flock to them to learn, and they are
held in great honour among them. For they decide almost all public and private disputes, if there
is any crime committed, any murder done, a dispute about inheritance, about boundaries, the
Druids settle the matter, they decide the rewards and punishments.…read more

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