OCR Jazz Set Works List 2011

Here is a useful list of what needs to be covered while revising Jazz set works.

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AS Music Jazz set works
The jazz set works you will be studying for the exam are as follows:
Alligator Crawl by Louis Armstrong and His Hot Seven ­
Recorded 10th May (1927), Chicago
KoKo by Charlie Parker and his RiBop Boys ­
recorded 26th November 1945, New York
It ain't necessarily so arranged by Gil Evans /Miles Davis ­
Recorded 29th July 1958, New York
What will happen in the exam?
In the exam (Section B) you will hear an extract from one of the three jazz
recordings you have studied. There will be no printed scores for the jazz works.
You will be expected to recognise which part of the complete recording it comes
from and to answer a short series of questions worth 15 marks.
What sort of things will I be asked in the exam?
Some of the things you might be asked include:
Who the performers are (especially the soloists)
The performing techniques that they were using (e.g. the use of a harmon
mute or glissandi)
When and where the recording was made
To describe the music of a particular passage (such as the
accompaniment or the use of a motif)
To compare the chorus or a solo improvisation with one from elsewhere
in the recording.
Why do I study three jazz works when Section B only asks about one?
In Section C of the paper, you will get a further opportunity to demonstrate your
knowledge of the jazz set works in an essay question worth 20 marks.
What sort of things will the essay question cover?
You might be asked these sorts of things:
To compare the jazz styles used in two of the recordings you have studied
To compare the role of an instrument in one of the three jazz recordings
with the way a composer scored it in one of the three orchestral scores
How the use of technology developed during the jazz era
Key features of Jazz

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Frontline: The instruments that play the melody line. New Orleans jazz of
the 1920s used trumpets, clarinet and trombone. The saxophone
overtook the clarinet in popularity in the 1930s.
Rhythm Section: Usually consisted of drums, piano, banjo (or guitar in
later jazz) and bass. The bass was usually a double bass played
pizzicato (plucked) although tuba was often used on earlier recordings
(more powerful)
Walking bass: A bass part, usually improvised of four steady
crotchets per bar played in stepwise motion.…read more

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Recording Technology 1920 1960 : a timeline
Pre 1920
Pre 1920, the only way to hear the music was to go to a live event
After 1920
By 1920 the gramophone record was the main way of bringing the
music to an audience.
Recording was an acoustic process using a large recording horn to
capture the vibrations of the sound on to a wax disc.…read more

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