OCR, History, Medicine, Through, Time, Unit 5 Middle Ages

Part 5

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HISTORY OF MEDICINE ­ MEDICINE IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Background

With the Roman Empire collapsing, the great public health system fell into
disrepair and all progress in medicine was lost.
Towns were run by corporations who decided how much to spend on
various matters such as public health. In this…

Page 2

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External surgery such as treating cataracts in the eye was most successful.
Hugh and Theodoric used wine as an antiseptic while others began to
experiment with anaesthetics.
War led to skill in treating broken or fractured limbs as well as removing
arrows and stopping bleeding.

Public Health

Townspeople struggled to…

Page 3

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The impact of Christianity and Islam on medicine ­ Christianity provided wealth to
build hospitals and provide free care for the poor. They preached that God sent disease
as a punishment and led to treatments such as flagellants and pilgrimages. Islam doctors
translated Galen into Arabic meaning that his works…

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