OCR History B As: Liberal Reforms: The Parliment Act 1911

What the Parliment act and the Impact of it.

British History 1890-1918

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Preview of OCR History B As: Liberal Reforms: The Parliment Act 1911

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The Liberal Reforms ­ 1911 parliament act
Before the act
There was an imbalance in power in parliament
After 1906 Liberal victory Balfour used the built in conservative majority in the
house of lords to obstruct government policies (Called Mr Balfour's poodles)
The Hereditary house was thwarting the will of the electorate
Why the imbalance of power
Apart from law lords and bishops, the House of Lords consisted of hereditary
peers, 2/3 of who were conservatives
Imbalance of power caused the liberals problems ­ Lords rejected Gladstone's
second home rule bill 1893
Why was this power challenged?
Lloyd Gorge could not fulfil his pension act and desire for national insurance and
money to build 8 dreadnought battleships without the Lords passing the 1909
The Lords rejected the budget ­ a shock as it had always been accepted they didn't
reject finance bills
Action raised question of the power of the hereditary house to overrule the elected
house and therefore cause a constitutional crisis
How and why did the parliament bill become an act?
After general election of 1910 (liberal victory thanks to labour and Irish nationalists)
Lords accepted budget
Liberals determined to limit powers of the lords
King George V promised to create up to 500 new Liberal peers if necessary
Second election on Dec 1910 on the issue of limiting the powers of the lords after
another victory Lords accepted parliament act
Change due to the act
Lords couldn't reject a money bill
Power to reject other bills was reduced to two year delaying power
Interval between general elections reduced to 5 years
MPs now paid for their role


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