OCR GCSE History B (USA) - Revision notes for USA Depth Study

OCR GCSE History B (USA) covering the American unit. The document is set out in chronological order and is well written. The notes are aimed at those aiming for B and above and include many examples of quotes etc. for those aiming for A*. (Please note the document is in note format and should not be the only revision source used)

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  • Created on: 20-02-10 16:36
Preview of OCR GCSE History B (USA) - Revision notes for USA Depth Study

First 325 words of the document:

The USA between the Wars
Key points for revision
Woodrow Wilson (D) 1913-21
Warren G Harding (R) 1921-23
Calvin Coolidge (R) 1923-29
Herbert Hoover (R) 1929-33
Franklin D Roosevelt (R) 1933-15
Reasons to move to America
Free land, low prices, money & business and tenant opportunities.
Who moved to America?
WASP's (White Anglo-Saxon Protestants)
European settlers looking to escape poverty. (40 million 1850-1914)
Black people (Slave Trade) (11 million by 1920)
The impact of WW1
Economic strength. E.g. European markets, loans and technological advances.
Immigration problems. E.g. Competition for work, discrimination and anti-immigrancy.
Social and economic problems. E.g. Drop in demand from EU, unemployment, lowering of wages
and 4 million soldiers de-mobbed.
Isolationism. E.g. LoN didn't happen and keen to protect own economy.
Economic Boom Laissez-Faire
Cycle of prosperity Assembly line
Mass marketing (Cinema, Radio and Sears & Roebuck) Credit
Mass production (Model T Ford) Knowledge
Position of USA
New Technology (Plastic, Electricity and Production line)
Credit (Hire purchase) New Consumer goods
Confidence (Anyone could by shares and "Could only get better") Tariffs
WW1 Shared Confidence
Natural resources (Coal, chemicals and metals)
REPUBLICAN POLICIES (Laissez-Faire, Low taxes, Tariffs and Trusts "Rockefeller Oil")
Problems in the Farming industry
New Technology (Combine harvester, fertiliser and pesticides)
Surpluses (Because of efficiency and EU markets, Burnt/destroyed)
Farmers forced to sell up and leave (Affected tenants & share-croppers)
Industry value 1919 $22 billion ­ 1928 $13 billion
No need for tenants (Blacks first to go)
Who did/didn't benefit from the boom?
Benefitted Did not Benefit
Business/Factory owners (Henry Ford) Farmers
Shareholders Eastern European immigrants
People in cities Old industry
Government (taxes) Rural Areas
Banks (investments)

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The Roaring Twenties
Jazz age (Duke Ellington)
Mass consumption
Freedom...…read more

Page 3

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Banned alcohol
18th Amendment
Temperance Movement (Billy Sunday, "don't drink", anti -saloon league)
Problems with Alcohol
Failure of Prohibition
Methanol (Poisoning)
Al Capone
Deaths (760 Deaths 1926)
The end of Prohibition
St Valentine's Day Massacre (7 Moran gang killed)
Difficult to enforce.
Lack of support.
Organised crime.…read more

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Million unemployed by 1933
Hollywood ­ Golden age (30 cents a ticket, escape the depression)
Bonus marchers (WW1 veterans promised bonus in 1925, accused of communism)
Hoovers Response
Hoover Dam
$423 million pound building program (schools etc.…read more


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