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Lithium-ion batteries for cars
Concerns about air pollution and global warming mean that electrically
powered cars are already on our streets.
Today's electric vehicles are powered by nickel-metal hydride batteries.
The small amount of charge that these batteries can store means that the
distance a car can travel before recharging is quite short.
Lithium-ion batteries
have already been
developed for use in
laptops, cameras and
mobile phones. These are
much lighter, more
powerful and keep their
charge longer when
switched off than nickel-
metal hydride batteries.
Soon lithium-ion batteries
may be the power source
for electric cars, allowing
them to travel faster and
further.…read more

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Lithium-ion batteries…read more

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Nickel-metal hydride batteries…read more

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Meeting lithium demand
Between 2003 and 2007, the battery industry doubled its consumption
of lithium carbonate, the most common ingredient in lithium-based
products.
A vehicle battery requires 100 times as much lithium carbonate as its
laptop equivalent, so the green-car revolution could make lithium one
of the planet's most sought after elements.
http://www.australian-lithium.com/about-lithium.html…read more

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Meeting lithium demand
Cars powered by electricity only would need even bigger lithium-ion
batteries.
Bolivia has nearly half of all the reserves of lithium ore in the world.
Extracting and processing all of the ore from Bolivia would produce
about 5 million tonnes of lithium metal. At today's prices this amount
of lithium metal is worth about £20 000 million.…read more

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