OCR AS Psychology All 15 core studies ppt

Helpful, colourful powerpoint with pictures and easy chunks of information on every core study including key issues. Broken down into aims, method and results. Incredibly helpful 127 slideshow for those struggling with ocr psychology 

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  • Created by: Lucy
  • Created on: 04-06-13 13:13
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...social psychology- Individual differences- Biological ­
1. One of the debates in 1. The main assumption of 1. The main assumption
psychology is whether the individual differences of the physiological
an individual's perspective is that to approach is therefore
behaviour is a result of understand the that behaviour and
their personality or complexity of human experience can be
their social context. behaviour and explained by
2. According to social experiences it necessary physiological changes.
psychologists our to study the differences This approach
behaviour is influenced between people rather investigates the brain,
by the actual, imagined than those things that the nervous system
or implied presence of we all have in common. and other biological
others For example the factors such as
3. Social Psychology looks individual differences hormones.
at the influence of the approach largely focuses 2. Furthermore the
individual, the group, on things such as physiological approach
the society and the personality differences, takes a scientific
culture on individual's and abnormality. approach using
behaviour. laboratory type
experiments…read more

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Piaget Stages
Sensory motor stage Piaget said
· Birth to 18 months children were
· Child learns to match their senses to what they can do unable to
conserve up
Pre-operational stage until the
· 18 months to 7 years
· Child learns to use symbolism and language and developing general operational
rules about mental operations stage however
Samuel and
Concrete operational stage Bryant found
7 to 12 years children as
Child can use sophisticated mental operations but is still limited in ways
for example they tend to think of how the world is not how it might be
young as 5
Formal Operational Stage conserve.
· 12 years and above
Piagets test
· Most sophisticated stage, governed by logical thinking involved two
questions.…read more

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Freud Stages
Oral (0-1) Anal (1-3) Phallic (3-6)
Child gets satisfaction Becomes aware of
Pleasure from passing anatomical gender
from putting objects in faeces differences and gets pleasure
the mouth from genitals
Genital (puberty +) Latency (6-puberty)
Adult sex and consensual sex Libido is dormant and
with a partner rather than hidden. Childs energy
playing with self like phallic focused on games…read more

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Pavlov Conditioning (behaviourists)
· Using association to create fear or
a certain behaviour
· Little Albert fear of rabbit by
Classical banging iron bar
· Using reward and punishment to
create certain behaviour
· Mouse experiment
Operant…read more

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Loftus and Palmer
· Cognitive
· Eye witness
· Effect of leading questions…read more

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