OCR AS Psychology All 15 core studies ppt

Helpful, colourful powerpoint with pictures and easy chunks of information on every core study including key issues. Broken down into aims, method and results. Incredibly helpful 127 slideshow for those struggling with ocr psychology 

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  • Created by: Lucy
  • Created on: 04-06-13 13:13
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Cognitive assumptions- Developmental assumptions- Social Psychology-
1. Cognitive psychologists 1. A main assumption 1. All behaviour occurs
focus on an internal stage therefore of the within a social
(stimulus-info processing- developmental approach context. A major
response) is that cognitive, influence on people's
2. These mental processes that emotional and behaviour, thoughts
cognitive psychologists focus behavioural and feelings are other
on include memory, development is an people and society
perception, thinking and ongoing process and that 2. This area of
language. such changes result from Psychology focuses
3. The main assumption of the an interaction of nature research on our social
cognitive approach is that and nurture. behaviours. These
information received from 2. A strength of the areas include helping,
our senses is processed by developmental approach obedience,
the brain and that this is that many studies in conformity, prejudice,
processing directs how we this area are longitudinal aggression and
behave or at least justifies which means that they do attraction.
how we behave the way get to investigate changes
that we do. and how these changes
are influenced.…read more

Slide 2

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...social psychology- Individual differences- Biological ­
1. One of the debates in 1. The main assumption of 1. The main assumption
psychology is whether the individual differences of the physiological
an individual's perspective is that to approach is therefore
behaviour is a result of understand the that behaviour and
their personality or complexity of human experience can be
their social context. behaviour and explained by
2. According to social experiences it necessary physiological changes.
psychologists our to study the differences This approach
behaviour is influenced between people rather investigates the brain,
by the actual, imagined than those things that the nervous system
or implied presence of we all have in common. and other biological
others For example the factors such as
3. Social Psychology looks individual differences hormones.
at the influence of the approach largely focuses 2. Furthermore the
individual, the group, on things such as physiological approach
the society and the personality differences, takes a scientific
culture on individual's and abnormality. approach using
behaviour. laboratory type
experiments…read more

Slide 3

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Piaget Stages
Sensory motor stage Piaget said
· Birth to 18 months children were
· Child learns to match their senses to what they can do unable to
conserve up
Pre-operational stage until the
· 18 months to 7 years
· Child learns to use symbolism and language and developing general operational
rules about mental operations stage however
Samuel and
Concrete operational stage Bryant found
7 to 12 years children as
Child can use sophisticated mental operations but is still limited in ways
for example they tend to think of how the world is not how it might be
young as 5
Formal Operational Stage conserve.
· 12 years and above
Piagets test
· Most sophisticated stage, governed by logical thinking involved two
questions.…read more

Slide 4

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Freud Stages
Oral (0-1) Anal (1-3) Phallic (3-6)
Child gets satisfaction Becomes aware of
Pleasure from passing anatomical gender
from putting objects in faeces differences and gets pleasure
the mouth from genitals
Genital (puberty +) Latency (6-puberty)
Adult sex and consensual sex Libido is dormant and
with a partner rather than hidden. Childs energy
playing with self like phallic focused on games…read more

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Pavlov Conditioning (behaviourists)
· Using association to create fear or
a certain behaviour
· Little Albert fear of rabbit by
Classical banging iron bar
· Using reward and punishment to
create certain behaviour
· Mouse experiment
Operant…read more

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Loftus and Palmer
· Cognitive
· Eye witness
· Effect of leading questions…read more

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