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Controlling Carbon Dioxide
Carbon dioxide is the greenhouse gas causing most concern.
Increased carbon dioxide emissions could upset the existing balance in the
atmosphere.
Four possible approaches to the control and reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide
are:

Approach 1 Choose the right fuel
Approach 2 Economise on the use of…

Page 2

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Approach 1: Choose the Right Fuel
Producing more energy from renewable sources and using fuels with lower carbon contents are ways
to reduce carbon emissions.

Fuel Sustainability Availability Effects on
Environment
Hydrogen Least efficient and Most abundant Can be pollution free
most expensive resource. Can be and infinitely
possible replacements…

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Approach 2: Economise on the use of energy in
in general
Energy efficiency is the quickest, cheapest and cleanest way to address the linked
issues of air pollution.

This graph shows the world energy consumption from 1986 to 2011.




The figures show that overall energy consumption is growing, rising by…

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Solutions to lower energy consumption:




Unplugging unused Uses less energy No fuel burnt
appliances Less carbon emissions

Turning off lights Uses less energy No fuel burnt
Less carbon emissions

Energy saving light bulbs They dont use as much Reduce amount of fuel
energy as regular light needed and carbon
bulbs…

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Approach 3: Dispose of the Carbon Dioxide
CCS ­ Carbon Capture and Sequestration is a method used to dispose of carbon dioxide, retrieving it
from existing fossil fuel power pants. It is transported to a storage site where it in then deposited
where it will not re-enter into the atmosphere.…

Page 6

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Approach 4: Encourage Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, converting it to carbohydrate and
oxygen.

Removing atmospheric carbon dioxide levels can be achieved by planting native trees on scarcely
vegetated land and by preserving forests. Trees remove or sequester carbon dioxide from the
atmosphere during photosynthesis and return…

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hydrogen. Splitting water requires an energy input of about 2.5 volts. This means the process
requires a catalyst. The catalyst reacts with the sun's photons to initiate a chemical reaction.


Using photosynthesis as a main control of CO2 levels is in place in countries such as America. U.S.
forests and…

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