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Slide 1

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1939…read more

Slide 2

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Family is not the only influence on criminality
Our friendship groups can profoundly affect
criminality, especially during adolescence
People are more likely to commit crime if others in
their social networks do, and less likely to do so if their
peers are law-abiding.
However, this once again ignores individual
differences and the idea of peer pressure on crime
could simply be an after the fact excuse for
wrongdoing when the perpetrator of the crime is held
accountable…read more

Slide 3

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Sutherland supports recent evidence that our peer
group can be an important factor in whether we
offend or not.
Sutherland came up with 9 principles for why
individuals behave criminally
A common aspect of all 9 principles is that 'we learn
criminal behaviour'.
Sutherland argued that criminality is not innate or
pathological. Just as non-criminal behaviour is learnt
so is criminal behaviour.…read more

Slide 4

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Sutherland's research looked at how criminals
learned behaviour; not why.
This looks at how criminals learn and adopt
values and morals (such as apathy towards
certain laws, risk taking and non-conformity) and
techniques (lock-picking is cited as an example)
from other criminals.
Sutherland believes that these values usually
occur in, and are reinforced by small intimate
groups, such as groups of criminal 'gangs'.…read more

Slide 5

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1) Criminal behaviour is learnt- This suggests that it is the
environment you are surrounded by and those in it that
will determine whether you turn to crime
2) Criminal behaviour is learned in interaction with
other people in a process of communication- This
suggests that when you speak to others who commit
crimes then you may be influenced towards criminality
3) The principle part of the learning of criminal
behaviour occurs within intimate personal groups- If
you associate yourself with delinquent peers who are
part of a gang then you are more likely to commit
offences with them…read more

Slide 6

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4) When criminal behaviour is learned, the learning
includes the techniques, motives, attitudes, drives and
rationalisations towards committing the crime
5) The specific directs of motives and drives is learned
from the definitions of the legal codes as favourable or
unfavourable- People commit crimes because they have
motives. The law goes against these motives
6) A person becomes delinquent because of an excess of
definitions which are favourable to violation of the
law- Offenders get a lot of kudos from committing crimes.
They are to gain from this.…read more

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