Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
F215 Module 2: Biotechnology and Gene Technologies
5.2.1 Cloning in Plants and Animals

(a) outline the differences between reproductive and nonreproductive cloning
Clones ­ genes, cells or whole organisms that carry identical genetic material because they are derived from the
same original DNA.

Reproductive cloning generates genetically identical organisms.
Nonreproductive…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
F215 Module 2: Biotechnology and Gene Technologies



Advantages Disadvantages
A large number of elm trees can grow in one area Dutch elm disease ­ a fungal disease that affected
as asexual reproduction is much faster = larger Europe's elm trees . Once an elm is destroyed by
supply of wood.…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
F215 Module 2: Biotechnology and Gene Technologies






(d) discuss the disadvantages and disadvantages of plant cloning in agriculture
Advantages Disadvantages
Micropropagation is much faster than selective All the plants will be susceptible to any new pest ,
breeding ­ huge numbers of genetically identical disease or environmental change , e.g.…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
F215 Module 2: Biotechnology and Gene Technologies
3. `Culture' in tied oviduct in sheep.
4. Recover the early embryo and implant the embryo in surrogate mother ewe's uterus.
5. `Dolly', a Finn Dorset Ewe is born.












































(f) discuss the advantages and disadvantages of cloning animals
Advantages Disadvantages
Highvalue animals, for…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
F215 Module 2: Biotechnology and Gene Technologies
Genetically modified animals, for example sheep Excessive genetic uniformity in a species makes it
that produce pharmaceutical chemicals in their unlikely to be able to cope with, or adapt to,
milk, can be quickly reproduced. changes in the environment .
Splitting embryo maintains…

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »