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Issue date: November 2005

Treating obsessive-
compulsive disorder (OCD)
and body dysmorphic
disorder (BDD) in adults,
children and young people
Understanding NICE guidance ­ information
for people with OCD or BDD, their families
and carers, and the public




Information about NICE Clinical
Guideline 31

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Treating OCD and BDD Ordering information




Ordering information
You can download the following documents from www.nice.org.uk/CG031
· This booklet.
· The NICE guideline ­ all the recommendations on treating OCD and BDD.
· A quick reference guide, which has been distributed to healthcare professionals
working in the NHS in England.…

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Treating OCD and BDD Contents




Contents


About this information 4

What is obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)? 7

What is body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)? 9

What happens when I first see a healthcare
professional? 11

What treatments are helpful for adults with
OCD or BDD? 15

What treatments are best for me?…

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Treating OCD and BDD About this information




About this information
This information describes the guidance that the National Institute for
Health and Clinical Excellence (called NICE for short) has issued to the
NHS on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic
disorder (BDD). It is based on `Obsessive-compulsive disorder: core
interventions…

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Treating OCD and BDD About this information




What the recommendations cover
NICE clinical guidelines can look at different areas of diagnosis,
treatment, care, self-help or a combination of these. The areas
that a guideline covers depend on the topic. They are laid out in a
document called the scope at…

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Treating OCD and BDD About this information




How guidelines are used in the NHS
In general, healthcare professionals in the NHS are expected to
follow NICE's clinical guidelines. But there will be times when the
recommendations won't be suitable for someone because of his
or her specific medical condition, general…

Page 7

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Treating OCD and BDD What is OCD?




What is obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD)?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (or OCD for short) is the name given
to a condition in which a person has obsessions and/or compulsions,
but usually both.
An obsession is a thought, image or impulse that keeps coming
into a person's…

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Treating OCD and BDD What is OCD?




From time to time, almost everyone has a disturbing thought or
checks more than once they have locked the door. For most people
these thoughts and actions can be forgotten. But if a person has
OCD, the thoughts and feelings of discomfort can…

Page 9

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Treating OCD and BDD What is BDD?




What is body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)?
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is the name given to a condition
in which a person spends a lot of time concerned about their
appearance. They may compare their looks with other people's,
worry that they are physically…

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Treating OCD and BDD What is BDD?




seriously restrict the person's everyday life). It will also help the
healthcare professional work with the person with BDD to identify
the most suitable treatment.
The treatments for BDD are very similar to those for OCD and are
explained in the sections on…

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