Obedience - Unit 2 (AQA)

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  • Created on: 22-01-13 19:42
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Why do people obey?
Justified Authorities ­ Status of a person or place (trustworthy)
Gradual Commitment ­ "Foot in the door" ­ Harder to get out
Buffers ­ Aspects of situations that protect people from having to confront
the results of their actions
>The above factors lead a person to be put into an agentic state<
(A state of feeling controlled by an authority figure and therefore lacking a
sense of personal responsibility)
Resisting pressures to obey authority:
More of Milgrams participants resisted orders if there were other
participants present who refused to obey
People find it easier to stand up to authority if they have support from
others (no longer have to take full responsibility for rebelling)
Individual Differences:
High level of moral reasoning ­ More likely to resist order that goes
against conscience
Internal Locus of Control ­ Feel in control of their lives = less likely to be
obedient (take responsibility for their actions)
External Locus of Control ­ Outside factors control their lives = more likely
to be obedient (don't take responsibility for their actions)
Boomerang Effect ­ People feel that they are being pushed too far and so
do the opposite

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Independent Behaviour:
Feeling responsible & empathetic ­ Not wanting to cause pain to
someone else
Questioning motives & status of authority ­ Questioning the legitimacy of
Disobedient Models ­ Seeing someone else disobey
Time for discussion ­ An opportunity to discuss anxiety with obeying to
Reactance ­ When we want to protect our sense of freedom by doing the
opposite of what we have been asked…read more


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