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In a situation of a school influence, people often tend to do as they're told by their authority. This is
because they're aware that the authority has more power than them. This process is known as
obedience.
Defiance, on the other hand, is the opposite of obedience. When the authority asks a person to do
something then that person may resist doing so because they choose not to. The person only follows
what they think is right.…read more

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Participants who gave Mr Wallace the maximum of 450 volt lethal voltage at the famous
university was 65%
Participants who gave Mr Wallace the max of 450 lethal voltage at the office building was
47.…read more

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An alternative theory: Dispositional Factors
Situation is irrelevant
Dispositional of the person is more important ­ individual's personality
Dispositional factors are factors which are associated with an individual's personality
People are likely to obey because of their personality
This theory (the authoritarian personality) appeared after the second world war
Adorno et al went to Nazi Germany to try and understand the antiSemitism
Adorno et al said people with authoritarian personality are more obedient to others
The research involved interviews and personality tests
Adorno classified people…read more

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Civilian = 33%
These appearance affected the level of obedience
Criticisms of Bickman
There was a lack of control over extraneous variables
It was a field experiment
The e.…read more

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Fulltime staff Fulltime staff
Parttime staff Parttime staff
(Order givers) (Following instructions, obeying)
Keeping orders in prisons
Without a hierarchy or rules in a prison, the prisoners would do whatever they want to and
no responsibility would be taken by anyone
A riot would be caused
Rules and procedures are made so everything in prison can be controlled
Number of situational factors can promote obedience ­ life guards wear uniforms so the
prisoners obey them quickly (shows power and status)
Inmates have uniforms too.…read more

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