NUCLEAR ARMS RACE - the CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

the cuban missile crisis and the nuclear arms race

a2 history with edexcel

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Preview of NUCLEAR ARMS RACE - the CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS

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The Cuban Missile Crisis
Why did it develop What happened?
Overthrow of Batista in Cuba in 1959 US navy quarantine 800 miles
by the revolutionary, led by Castro Reduced to 500 on the advice of the
and Che British ambassador
1961 ­ end of the economic interests 22nd October JFK announced on TV
in Cuba ­ Cuba converted to about the missiles
Communism Retaliate with nuclear weapons
US cut off all trade routes 26th October
JFK supported Bay of Pigs Invasion in Khrushchev would withdraw missiles
1961 feared US air attack
Khrushchev said he knew the US Weak position
would invade again Condition of Turkey
The US stopped sugar trading JFK secretly agreed to the second
Castro appealed to the USSR letter
August 1962 secret Soviet accord Publicly agreed to the first
came out
October 1962 U2 spy plane incident
How was it resolved? What were the outcomes?
Quarantine around Cuba Kennedy ­ foreign policy success
54 bombers with 4 nuclear warheads Wouldn't remove Castro from Cuba ­
each on standby Communist neighbour
150 ICBMs pointed at USSR Remove US missiles from Turkey
Armed and nuclear Polaris submarines Khrushchev left humiliated
22nd October 10:25 AM Soviet ships dismissal as Soviet leader in 1964
stopped and turned away `hot line' telephone link and the
Strategies for removing the missiles: Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963
1. Immediate invasion Moved towards détente
2. Agree with Khrushchev to
promise never to invade Cuba
3. Withdraw missiles from Turkey
Brother's advice ­ Kennedy accepted
the 1st letter from Khrushchev and
ignored the second letter
28th October ­ Radio Moscow
announced the removal of missiles
from Cuba

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