Notes on tourism: DME exam

Notes on tourism with reference to the SDME exam

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Geography DME Exam: Resource Tasks
Resource 6:
Study the Butler's model and link its stages to the different phases of the
Benidorm Resort.
Stage 1 of the Butler's model represents Benidorm in the 1930s and 40s; a
small number of tourists were attracted but few facilities existed. As time
went on, Benidorm became increasingly reliant on tourism. Stage 2 of the
model represents Benidorm in the late 50s and early 60s, when local people
began involvement in the tourist industry and the first facilities developed.
Mass tourism hit Benidorm in the 1960s and 70s, peaking in 1977. This is stage
3 of the model; the area reached maturity and package holidays were
common. Global travel companies such as Thomas Cook made huge profits in
the area. Large numbers of tourists arrived: 12 million in Benidorm's peak year
and tourism became important for Spain's economy. However, due to facilities
and landscape being spoilt by the massive numbers of tourists, Benidorm fell
into stage 4 of the model in the 1980s; the era of mass tourism was short-lived
as this tourism is not sustainable because the number of tourists must be
regulated to preserve an area. This stage is a stage of decline in which the
facilities deteriorate and the region relies on excursionists and
weekend-visitors. In 2011, Benidorm has entered stage 5 of the model:
redevelopment. The government has taken steps for a campaign for
re-branding, re-imaging and redevelopment. If this campaign is unsuccessful,
long term decline will take place and the region will not easily recover.
However, tourist numbers in Benidorm are increasing and the most dilapidated
hotels have been demolished to make way for a new wave of tourism.

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Resource 7:
What is ecotourism and what are the benefits? Are there any drawbacks to
this approach to tourism?
Ecotourism is responsible and sustainable travel the natural and unpolluted
areas that aims to conserve and protect the environment whilst improving the
well-being of the local people. Ecotourism focuses on conservation of the
environment. Ecotourists are not ignorant of the local area and customs as
careful research is conducted before visiting an area. They keep to designated
routes and leave no litter behind them.…read more


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