Notes on the rule of Mary Tudor

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  • Created on: 31-05-13 08:46
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The Rule of Mary Tudor
Accession:
Populace in favour of her accession, felt duped by
Northumberland.
People in favour of religious reform (Catholicism
still popular.)
There was an immediate return to Catholic practises,
despite Edwardian religious legislation still being in
place.
Problems:
Mary inherited a Kingdom with fundamental
religious divisions.
Appointed too many councillors, which caused
splits and factions.
Philip was Spanish, Catholic and politically
experienced, which she was not.
Wyatt's Rebellion 1554:
Uprisings planned, but plot was leaked so had to be
brought about early.
Only Kent had an uprising, led by Sir Thomas Wyatt.
Reasons:
Xenophobia.
Religious issues - Maidstone was a protestant
stronghold.
Decline in local cloth industry prompted poorer
rebels to express grievances.
Attracted gentry who had lost office.
Significance:
Showed that, although the minority, protestants
would not be ignored.

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Displayed suspicion of Spanish marriage.
Brought on Lady Jane Grey's execution.
Princess Elizabeth was arrested and thrown in tower
on suspicion of treason, although it could not be
substantiated.
King Philip II of Spain:
Arrived to poor weather, was made to feel
unwelcome at court, Mary was older and he'd
married her out of duty, so vowed to spend as little
time in England as possible.
Mary failed to produce an heir.
Rulers of Spain and Holy Roman Empire were
against France.…read more

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Mary's Parliaments:
1. 5th October ­ 6th December 1553 ­ married clergy
deprived of livings (over ¼ of parish clergy in London
affected) and Edward's ecclesiastical legislation
abolished.
2. 2nd April ­ 3rd May 1554
3. 12th November 1554 ­ 16th January 1555 ­ reversed
Henrician "Act of Attainder" against Pole, reinstated
medieval heresy laws, did away with royal supremacy
and restored papal authority.
4. 21st October ­ 9th December 1555
5.…read more

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Not one of the three main protagonists was fully in
touch with English religious sentiment; Mary had
been cut off from wider developments before her
accession, Philip had had no first-hand experience of
the English before his marriage to Mary and,
according to Robert Tittler, Pole "took England to
be as he remembered it rather than as it was."
Mary and Parliament:
About 80 MPs opposed the reversal of Edwardian
ecclesiastical legislation.…read more

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