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Page 2

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Funct
ions
­ Legi
sl
ati
on
Bi
ll
s
Draf
t
legi
slat
ive
proposal.
Wh en
law t
hey become an
Act
.
Publ
ic
bil
ls
= pr
o moted
b y
govt.
mini
ster
on
gen er
al
i
ssues
o f
publ
ic
poli
cy.…read more

Page 3

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Ef
fect
iveness
Li
mited
due
to
dominan ce
of
executi
ve:
1)
Most
b i
l
ls
origi
nate
fr
o m gover
nme nt.
Pri
vate
Memb ers
' Bi
ll
s r
arel
y succeed wi
thout
thei
r
backi
ng.
2)
Parl
iamen t
ary
ti
me t
able
con t
rol
led
by executi
ve
3)
Wh i
p System me ans
govt
.…read more

Page 4

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Other
Funct
ions
Repr
esent
ati
on
MPs =
e xcl
usi
ve
representat
ion
of const
it
uents.
Hansard
S t
udy 2005 show ed
that
MP s
spe nd
half
of
t
heir
t
ime on t
heir
consti
tuents
Hol
d regul
ar sur
ge r
ies
w here
peo pl
e can
me nt
ion
pr
oblems they
have
w i
th
a publi
c aut
hori
ty
an d
defend
t
heir
i
nterest
s.…read more

Page 5

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Legi
ti
macy
Pol
ici
es scruti
n i
sed + di
scussed by
MP s who
r
epresent
h e pe opl
e.
They hol
d t
h e executi
ve t
o account
Represent
inte r
ests
of
consti
tuents
How ever
,
the re ar
e l
imit
s:
1)
H/L pl
ays i
mp ort
ant
rol
e but
are unel
ected,
so
l
egit
imacy i
s limit
e d
because t
hey're
undemo cr
a t
i
c .…read more

Page 6

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Scr
uti
ny
& Account
abi
li
ty
of
Par
li
ament
Key
Point
s:
S cr
u t
ini
ses
acti
ons of
executi
ve
E nsured
accountabi
li
ty
­ mini
ster
s must
just
if
y
act
ions
Indivi
dual
Mini
steri
al
Resp onsi
bil
i
ty
­ account
abl
e
t
o Parl
iament.
Misl
eaders
ma y have
to
resi
gn.…read more

Page 7

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More ef
fect
ive t
han debates
Creat
e d
1979
Memb ershi
p = 11 14
ba ckbenchers
w ho
refl
ect
pa r
ty
bal
ance
Examp l
es are
D ef
ence ,
Educati
o n,
Just
ice,
Transport
and
H ealt
h.…read more

Page 8

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House
of
C ommo n s
refor
m u nder
the
C oal
it
ion
Fi
xe dterm parli
ame nt
of
5 years
­ PM can no
l
on ger
choose
the dat
e of
the
ge ner
al
e l
ecti
on.
Gove r
nme nt
req ui
red
to r
esign i
f
i
t l
oses a
mo t
ion
o f
no
c onf
idence,
bu t
55% of
MP s must
agree t
o di
sso l
uti
on.…read more

Page 9

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Ni
ck
C l
egg =
w ant
s 80% of
the
H ouse
to be
demo cr
ati
call
y el
ected
David
C ameron =
personal
ly
oppo ses
it
but
i
s
support
ing
it
i
n order
t
o ai
d t
he consti
tut
ion
Ed Mil
iband
= opposing
it
t
o spi
te
C l
egg
House
of
Lor
ds
R ef
orm
Bil
l
2012
The
B i
l
l
ha d
it
s f
ir
st…read more

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