Notes on Nazi Germany

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25 Point Programme
Abolition of the ToV
Union of Germany and Austria
Only `true' Germans to live in Germany. Jews to be excluded
.Large industries and businesses to be nationalised
Generous previsions for OAPs
A strong central government
What did the Nazis stand for in the 1920s? In January 1919, three German workers formed
the German Workers Party. In September of the same year, Hitler joined. He was promoted
to the party's executive committee after showing a talent for public speaking and was put
in charge of propaganda. He played a large part in writing up the 25 point programme. In
1921 Hitler removed Drexler as leader. Hitler's energy, commitment and, above all, his
power as a speaker were soon attracting attention. He had a clear and simple appeal. He
stirred nationalist's passions in his audiences. He gave them scapegoats for Germany's
problems: the Allies, the ToV, the `November' Criminals, the Communists and the Jews. His
meetings were so successful opponents tried to disrupt them. To counter this, he set up
the SA, known as the Storm Troopers or brown shirts, in 1921. These hired thugs protected
Hitler's meetings and disrupted others/
Munich Putsch- By November 1923 Hitler believed the moment had come for him to topple
the Weimar. The government were preoccupied with the economic crisis. Stresemann had
just called off passive resistance. On 8th November 1923, Hitler hijacked a local government
meeting in the Beer Hall and announced he was taking over the government of Bavaria. He
was joined by the war hero Ludendorff. Nazi storm troopers began taking over official
buildings. The next day, Weimar forces hit back. Police rounded up storm troopers and in a
brief exchange 16 Nazis were killed. The rebellion broke up in chaos and Hitler escaped in
a car. Ludendorff and others stayed to fight the armed police. Hitler had miscalculated the
mood of the people. In the short term, the Putsch was a disaster. People didn't rise and
support him. He and other Nazis were rounded up, arrested and charged with treason. At
the trial, Hitler gained enormous publicity for himself and his ideas, as every word was
reported in the censorship-free republic. In fact, Hitler impressed the judges so much that
he and his accomplices got off lightly. Ludendorff was freed altogether and Hitler was only
given five years even though he should have received the death sentence. In the end, he
only spent nine months in the comfort of Landsberg Castle.
Failure Success
Failed to overthrow the government or Trial brought invaluable publicity and
managed to gain the support of the police national/international recognition
or the army. He let the officials get out of He wrote `Mein Kampf' in prison where he
the Beer Hall, they were key figures, and set out his ideas for the future of Germany
were given prior warning so were able to During the trial he spoke of ideas to make
alert the authorities. Germany great which were `approved' by
16 Nazis killed the courts
Hitler and Ludendorff arrested for

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Nazis in the Wilderness- In prison Hitler concluded that the Nazis weren't going to be able
to take Germany by force. They'd have to work within the democratic system but once in
power use Article 48 to destroy the system. As soon as he was released, Hitler set about
rebuilding that Nazi Party so that it could take power through democratic means. He saw
the communists building up in strength through Youth Organisations and recruitment
drives. Soon the Nazis were doing the same.…read more

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Posters were found everywhere, Rallies were impressive as they were filled with energy
and enthusiasm and were always large in numbers, The SA and SS always demonstrated
discipline whilst the Communist gangs had frequent fights with police, and the Nazis
organised soup kitchens and shelters in hostels for the unemployed.
Hitler- Ran for President in 1932. He got 13mil votes compared to Hindenburg's 19mil
votes. His campaign raised his profile. He appeared dynamic and modern as he travelled by
plane to many rallies across Germany.…read more

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Der Fuhrer- Hindenburg died in July 1934. Hitler took over and became the supreme
leader. 2nd August 1934 the entire army swore oath to the loyalty of Hitler
Nazis and the Churches- Signed a Concordant with the Catholic Church in 1933. Hitler tried
to get the Protestant Churches to come together as a Reich church.…read more

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In 1936 he released the Four-Year Plan which prepared Germany for war. This all reduced
Workers- Hitler promised and delivered low unemployment which ensured popularity.…read more


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