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Geography ­ Urban Environments
Urban Rural
An area of high population density with An area of little infrastructure which is
much infrastructure, which is dominantly mainly natural and has a low population
man-made density

URBANISATION- the process of becoming more urban, mainly through a greater
percentage of people living in…

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LIC's experiencing industrial boom:
Transnational corporations attracted to them
Cheap labour
Favourable government trade
Tax regulations
Jobs from the corporations pull people in

Urbanisation slowing in HIC's (counter-urbanisation):
Large proportion of people already in urban regions
Choosing to live in more rural areas
Transport and accessibility is improving
High crime…

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Problems of Rapid Urbanisation:
Environmental Economic Social
Traffic congestion Lack of investment due to crime
Fly tipping Independent shops Derelict buildings
Habitat destruction High land prices Limited green space

The Distribution of Urban Land uses

Core: oldest part of the city, contains the central business district (CBD)
Inner City…

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Densely populated Sparsely populated
Indian Harrow, Ealing, Redbridge Bromley, Havering,
Jewish Barnet, Redbridge, Westminster Croydon, Newham,
Black-Caribbea Southwark, Hackney, Brent Kingston upon Thames,
Barnet, Hounslow
Bangladeshi Tower Hamlets, Newham Merton, Kensington and
Chelsea, Bexley

Ethnic Segregation in Cities: London

URBAN SEGREGATION: The concentration of different ethnic, religious…

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Kibera ­ Southern Nairobi, along river Ngong
Tenants have no rights
almost 1 million people, 2,200 people per hectare
no toilet facilities
12ft by 12ft shacks often housing more than 8 people

Economic Activity:
Unemployment rate of 50%
People wasting money on drugs and alcohol
People can't afford the…

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Vital Stats:
North east in Nairobi
Still classed as shanty settlement
120000 residents have built houses themselves
People can live on their plot, sell it, or rent it

Successes Fails
Many people are living in much better There are too many people in shanty
houses settlements in Nairobi to…

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Land uses that like to locate in the Rural-Urban fringe:
Science parks
Golf courses
Retail parks

Deprivation and Poverty in HIC
Newham has 40+ multiple index of deprivation

London Docklands Development Corporation 1981-1998

To make the area more attractive
To regenerate the economic situation
To improve…

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