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The Situation
· The Kaiser has abdicated and left Germany
· A power vacuum has been created as there is no
established form of government
· Millions of German workers have been killed or
seriously injured during the war
· Germany has become an international pariah
(outcast)
· Germany is subject to an imposed peace settlement
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Slide 3

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What does this mean in
reality?
· Political instability. There are uprisings against the
fledging republic even before it is properly formed.
· Economic ruin. The war has devastated the economy
and further problems occur as a result of the Peace
settlement.
· Unemployment. Millions of soldiers have returned
home to find no jobs available.
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The Treaty of Versailles
· Terms of the Peace treaty
· Massively reduced military capability
· `War guilt' clause imposed
· Reparations fixed at a very high level
· Which leads to...
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Problems 1919-1924
· Anger directed at the government for signing the
Treaty of Versailles
· Economic problems as all profit is sent directly to the
Allies as reparations pay-outs
· Valueless currency as economic crisis leads to hyper-
inflation
· Rise of extremist groups attempting to wrestle power
from the de-stabilised government (Freikorps,
Spartacists etc.)
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Slide 6

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Other factors...
· Government established in difficult
circumstances
· Mistrust of government and animosity
towards it from it's inception
· Refusal of the rest of the World to
accept Germany
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