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Oral Tradition
Before the Gospels everything was from word of mouth: Sitz im Leben 1

Reasons people didn't write:

Nobody wrote anything in order to avoid persecution
Most people were illiterate and didn't have writing utensils.
Most thought that the Parousia would occur soon.

What did Oral Tradition Include?


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Useful for spreading Christianity
Matthew and John both use Testimonia but different ones

Pericope: Individual Units: `pearls on a chain': Schmidt

Why Were the Gospels Eventually Written?

To keep events in order
To stop Jesus' story from being changed
To show future generations
Luke: to give clarity
Believers needed guidance…


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