New right and functionalist views

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  • Created on: 11-11-13 11:50
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Explain Studies and evidence Evaluation / criticism
Moral decline Murray : "back to basics" there has been a loss There are thousands of single parent families and not all of their children grow
There is no consensus of of tradition and people are more "selfish and be criminals and are instead raised well despite having only one parent.
moral values or strong prone to criminal behaviour" dysfunctional The issue that the new right label the single parent family's as morally deviant
values , loss of tradition family's ­ single parents Traditional families are no longer the modern world accepts single parent fam
Dennis and Erdos- correlation between crime Victim blaming ­ blaming the poor
and family's is passed down through Displacement ­ moral decline is an excuse to blame those who are more depri
generations
Individual responsibility Liberalists note that people should me more The idea that not everyone had the ability or skill in order to provide and do be
The responsibility to individual and work hard to achieve for their family's
develop and look after Also people should hunt around and work hard Tomlinson and rex note that poverty is often caused by factors beyond the co
one's self to find jobs of the poor for example global recession or government policies
Provide for family
Underclass Murray: in the USA and UK a distinct lower Rex and Tomlinson reject the idea of the underclass as a deviant subculture th
A group cut off from class subculture exists below the working class voluntarily unemployed and devoted to criminal behaviour
society ­ which subscribed to deviant values rather Tomlinson and rex note that poverty is often caused by factors beyond the co
Lifestyles include seeking than mainstream values and transmits this of the poor for example global recession or government policies
to take what they can deficient culture to their children via There is no convincing empirical evidence that the underclass as a distinct sub
from the state socialization. with distinctive value and behaviour exists
Life of crime Marsland sees the underclass as dependent Norman Tebbit : his farther was out of work and did not steal or riot also ther
Bottom of society on the state and unable to make their own no real welfare state and the state therefore kills people self-reliance
subculture

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Right realists see the underclass as a direct
cause of crime in recent years.
Rational choose theory Clarke: argues that the decision to commit a Conservatives : note that punishment should be much harder in order to stop
The criminal weight up the crime is a choice based on a rational calculation criminals from considering crime
consequences of the of the likely consequences.…read more

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Involvement : actively involved people some
have time to engage in crime
Belief: strong belief in values, laws and rules.…read more

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Marsland: welfare dependency had Norman Tebbit : his farther was out of work and did not steal or riot also ther
causing dependency undermined peoples sense of no real welfare state and the state therefore kills people self-reliance
commitment and obligation to support on
another
Explain Studies and evidence Evaluation / criticism
Strain theory Robert Merton argued that the cause of crime lies in the Merton does not explain why some
Term used by Robert Merton and relationship between the culture and the social structure…read more

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Ritualism ­ some people loose sight of material goals but common goals that people strived to attain at
derive from failed meaningless jobs every other time.
Retreats- a small number of people reject both the goals
and the means by dropping out of society
Rebellion ­ people use violent means and go against
society.
Anomie According to Durkheim too much crime has negative Merton notes that Durkheim's theory in which
Term first used by Emilee consequences.…read more

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Belief ­ strong cultural belief in goals and in
the control system
Subculture Cohen is able to explain why others vandalise the Merton sees crime as a individual response
Distinctive sets of values that building. And the bottom of society has created its own and attack on society rather than a group
provide an alternatives to those subculture effort
of the mainstream culture Cohen sees crime as group response and therefore a
subculture is formed.…read more

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Lower class children are much more likely to fail and feel
so humiliated. In a attempt to gain status they invert
traditional middle class tradition by behaving badly
engaging in a variety of antisocial behaviours.…read more

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Jess

Thanks so much for this, it's really helped with my essay!

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