Nazi Timeline 1933-1944: Persecution of the Jewish Race

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  • Created on: 08-01-12 15:13
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Nazi Germany 1933 1944:
Persecution of the Jewish race
January 30, 1933 Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany a nation with a Jewish
population of 566,000.
February 27, 1933 Nazis burn Reichstag building to create crisis atmosphere.
February 28, 1933 Emergency powers granted to Hitler as a result of the Reichstag fire.
March 22, 1933 Nazis open Dachau concentration camp near Munich, to be followed by
Buchenwald near Weimar in central Germany, Sachsenhausen near Berlin in northern Germany, and
Ravensbrück for women.
March 24, 1933 German Parliament passes Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers.
April 1, 1933 Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses.
April 11, 1933 Nazis issue a Decree defining a nonAryan as "anyone descended from
nonAryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents. One parent or grandparent classifies the
descendant as nonAryan...especially if one parent or grandparent was of the Jewish faith."
April 26, 1933 The Gestapo is born, created by Hermann Göring in the German state of Prussia.
May 10, 1933 Burning of books in Berlin and throughout Germany.
July 14, 1933 Nazi Party is declared the only legal party in Germany Also, Nazis pass Law to
strip Jewish immigrants from Poland of their German citizenship.
September 29, 1933 Nazis prohibit Jews from owning land.
October 4, 1933 Jews are prohibited from being newspaper editors.
November 24, 1933 Nazis pass a Law against Habitual and Dangerous Criminals, which allows
beggars, the homeless, alcoholics and the unemployed to be sent to concentration camps.
January 24, 1934 Jews are banned from the German Labour Front.
May 17, 1934 Jews not allowed national health insurance.

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July 20, 1934 The SS (Schutzstaffel) is made an independent organization from the SA.
July 22, 1934 Jews are prohibited from getting legal qualifications.
August 2, 1934 German President von Hindenburg dies. Hitler becomes Führer.
May 21, 1935 Nazis ban Jews from serving in the military.
September 15, 1935 Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews decreed.
February 10, 1936 The German Gestapo is placed above the law.
In March SS Deathshead division is established to guard concentration camps.…read more

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August 11, 1938 Nazis destroy the synagogue in Nuremberg.
August 17, 1938 Nazis require Jewish women to add Sarah and men to add Israel to their names
on all legal documents including passports.
September 27, 1938 Jews are prohibited from all legal practices.
October 5, 1938 Law requires Jewish passports to be stamped with a large red "J.…read more

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In October Nazis begin euthanasia on sick and disabled in Germany.
November 23, 1939 Yellow stars required to be worn by Polish Jews over age 10.
April 30, 1940 The Lodz Ghetto in occupied Poland is sealed off from the outside world with
230,000 Jews locked inside.
June 14, 1940 Paris is occupied by the Nazis.
June 22, 1940 France signs an armistice with Hitler.
In November The Krakow Ghetto is sealed off containing 70,000 Jews.…read more

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In January Mass killings of Jews using ZyklonB begin at AuschwitzBirkenau in Bunker I (the
red farmhouse) in Birkenau with the bodies being buried in mass graves in a nearby meadow.
January 20, 1942 Wannsee Conference to coordinate the "Final Solution."
April 20, 1942 German Jews are banned from using public transportation.
September 18, 1942 Reduction of food rations for Jews in Germany.
September 26, 1942 SS begins cashing in possessions and valuables of Jews from Auschwitz and
Majdanek.…read more

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November 25, 1944 Himmler orders destruction of the crematories at Auschwitz.…read more


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