Nazi Germany Timeline (1933-1938)

Timeline and facts of important dates in Nazi Germany, also applies to GCSE History.

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  • Created on: 19-01-14 22:20
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Nazi Germany c.1933 ­ 1939
Important Events
30th January 1933 - Hitler becomes Chancellor
27th February 1933 - The Reichstag Fire
Hitler wanted to increase the number of Nazi seats in the Reichstag
(in 1932, they has 230 seats). He set an election for the 5th March.
On the 27th February, the Reichstag was burnt down, Hitler blamed
Communists; giving it huge importance by calling it a "bloody
uprising. Marius Van der Lubbe, a young Dutch communist was
caught with firelighters on the scene. This enabled Hitler to pass the
Reichstag Fire Decree (Law for the Protection of the People and the
State), on the 28th February, which created a police state. This led to
a total intimidation of Nazi enemies ­ 4000 communists were
imprisoned ­ there was no freedom of speech, press was censored,
letters and telegraphs were tapped, there was no right to assemble
and there was arrest without trial. In the election Nazis won 288
seats.
5th March 1933 - Election to the Reichstag
44% of people voted Nazis in this election but this was still not a
majority, even though there was rigging and intimidation and that
the KPD were banned from campaigning. The Nazis and the
Nationalists, which had 8% of votes, joined together to form a
coalition, so they were able to pass laws.
23rd March 1933 - Enabling Act
Despite the success in the March 1933 election, Hitler did not have a
majority in the Reichstag. So, he passed the Enabling Act. Voting
took place in the Kroll Opera House. The Bill was passed by 444
votes to 94. There was massive intimidation by the SS and SA, and
the Centre party was bought off by a promising favour to the
Catholic Church. Only the SPD voted against the law. The Act said
that Hitler could pass any law he wanted "by decree" without
discussing it in the Reichstag. Democracy was dead, Hitler was now a
dictator.
June 1933 - The German Labour Front
Run by Dr Robert Ley the German Labour Front, aka DAF, "replaced"
Trade Unions.
Benefits Disadvantages
Bosses could not sack Hours of work increased
workers "on the spot" Strikes were illegal
Average wages of a Only government run
factory worker went up labour exchanges could
(10 times the dole money arrange new jobs
in 1932) Workers could not leave
jobs without government
permission

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July 1933 - The Reich Concordat
Hitler had promised the Catholic Church that they would be free
from government interference if the Z Party (Centre party)
supported Hitler during the vote for the Enabling Act. Negotiations
led to the Concordat which was signed by Von Papen and the Papal
Nuncio, Eugenio Pacelli, in Berlin. As part of the agreement the Z
party ceased its activities and dissolved itself voluntarily.…read more

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