Nazi Germany Revision Notes

Notes for the Nazi Germany Exam 

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Nazi Germany Revision 1918-39
The Treaty of Versailles
Diktat ­ forced upon the people of Germany
Usa, France and Britain sent a treaty to Germany telling them they were the reason for the
start of World War 1 and they had to pay reparations to Britain and its allies for damage to
their country.
It was signed on the 28th June 1919 by the German delegation.
The reparations were set at 136,000 million marks (£6600 million).
German colonies in Africa were given to the allies.
Their army was limited to 100,000.
The navy were given, 6 battleships, 6 cruisers, 12 destroyers, 12 torpedoes, no submarines
and no air force.
Not allowed in the Rhineland that bordered France.
Lost land, Alsace and Lorraine, Eupen and Malmedy, Possen and West Prussia. That totalled in
13% of European land.
Lost 50% iron resources and 15% of coal reserves.
After this, the german public found it very hard to live in such conditions as food prices were
rising when the government were spending more on dept. This was why the government at
the time were nicknamed the November Criminals because they signed the treaty and lead
Germany into a very bad situation. The Germans felt Dotchstrass (stab in the back) from the
government as they felt they could of still won the war.
Weimar Republic
Republic ­ state with no Kaiser.
Weimar- was a place to make decisions away from the chaos in Berlin, the capital.
Constitution ­ the written laws of the state.
Proportional Representation ­ A voting system that means the number of votes is equal to the
number of seats.
Terms of the Constitution
Gave more freedom to the public
Local governments were set up in the 18 regions of Germany and central government was
given more power.
The Reichstag was the dominant house of the new German parliament.
Members of parliament were elected every four years.
All men AND women could vote over 20 years.
Proportional Representation was used.
The Reichshat

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A number of members from the Reichstag were sent to each local government.
They could delay new laws unless overruled by two thirds majority of the Reichstag.
The Chancellor
Chose the ministers that run the regions.
To pass laws he needed a majority of support from the Reichstag.
The President
Elected every 7 years.
No part in day to day government.
Chose the chancellor.
Control of army.
Dismiss the Reichstag and call new elections.…read more

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Political Problems
Right Wing ­ want a stable government, supporting capitalism.
Left Wing ­ want everyone to be equal, communism, workers were left wing.
100,000 Left wing went and destroyed key buildings such as newspaper offices. In the end
the government bought in the Freikorps (old soldiers) and they stopped the left wing from
going any further.
Golden Twenties
Gustav Stresemann became chancellor appointed by Ebert the president.
Currency ­ Stresemann changed the currency to Rentenmark from the worthless money that
it was.…read more

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Hitler thought if he didn't act fast Stresemann would solve Germanys problems and the
NSDAP party would no longer be needed because they wanted them for the recovery of
On the 8th of November Hitler burst into a beer hall demanding he was the new chancellor
and he would next march to Weimar itself. He was armed with a gun. He was met by the
state of police who fired on them.…read more

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Political Parties ­ In July 1933 he banned all political parties except for the Nazi Party this
helped because he had no one to compete against.
The Enabling Act ­ In March 1933 Hitler created a law that allowed him to make any law when
he wanted to. He got 444 votes to pass this law.
The Reichstag Fire ­ 27th February 1933, Hitler used it as an opportunity to attack the
communists and blame it on them.…read more


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