Nazi Germany (OCR Paper 1)

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany
The Nazi Party 1919-1929
Organization:
The German Workers' Party, led by Anton Drexler, was formed
in 1919 and then Hitler became leader.
After the party was banned, they were called the National
Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis) and announced its
Twenty-Five Point Programme, and at first they were both
nationalist and socialist.
After Hitler was in jail, he wrote Mein Kampf, which advocated
racism, national socialism and lebensraum.
Decline of the party:
The party declined in popularity during 1928 when the Weimar
government was going well, so people voted for them instead
of the supposedly dangerous Nazi Party.
Re-organization:
Hitler reduced Stormtropper numbers, and set them up as his
own bodyguards.
Set up other local parties and then merged and took them over.
Set up the Hitler Youth, which attracted younger voters.
Josef Goebbles was put in charge of propaganda ­ and
appealed to their feelings but using posters, leaflets, radio,
film and rallies.
He got support of wealthy businessmen and said if he came
into power he would abolish communism.
After all of this, in 1932 the party became successful again and
people lost faith in the current government.
Why Hitler became chancellor in 1932
Long term bitterness
Anger about WW1 and the Treaty of Versailles created
underlying hatred to the current government, which Hitler used
to his advantage.
Ineffective Constitution
Weaknesses in the Constitution crippled the government so
people lost faith, and when the crisis came in 1929­1933 ­
there was no one who was prepared or able to fight to stop
Hitler.
Money
Financial support of wealthy businessmen gave Hitler the
money to run his party
Propaganda
Nazi propaganda persuaded the German masses to believe that
the Jews were to blame and that Hitler was their last hope.
Programme
Hitler promised everybody something, so they supported him.
Attacks on other parties
The Stormtroopers attacked Jews and people who opposed
Hitler. Many opponents kept quiet simply because they were

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany
scared of being murdered as the judges were not on their side,
but on Hitler's.
Personal Qualities
Hitler was a brilliant speaker, good organiser, driven, and good
politician. This kept him going when other people might have
given up. His self-belief persuaded people to believe in him.
Other short term reasons for the Nazi's getting into power
Economic depression
The wall street crash made Germany go into economic collapse,
so Germans turned to the Nazi's as they were desperate.…read more

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany
The SA were the thugs who Hitler had used to help him come to
power. They had defended his meetings, and attacked
opponents and by 1934 there were more than 1,000,000.
Hitler was in power in 1934, and there was no opposition left -
the SA were an embarrassment, not an advantage. Also, Rohm,
the leader of the SA, was talking about a Socialist revolution
and about taking over the army.…read more

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany
Controlling Germany:
One-Party state:
From the enabling act and being the Fuhrer, only the Nazi party
remained and Nazi members got the best jobs.
Terror:
Nazis took over local government and police ­ Hitler set up
Gestapo and the SS to report non- Nazis and to arrest
undesirables and sent to concentration camps. Night of the
long knives, Racism.…read more

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany
Strength Through Joy ­cheap entertainment + fun activities
Beauty of Labour ­ gave people pride in their work
Law and Order was high
Autobahns improved transport and gave jobs
Propaganda gave hope
Wages rose ­ but bosses profits rose more
DAF established to care for the rights of workers.
Bad:
Wages fell and strikers could be shot
Loss of personal freedom ­ no freedom of speech
Increased hours from 43 to 47 per week.…read more

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany
They had their own camps and were seen as a huge threat to
Nazi order from Russia and all over Europe.
Gypsies:
Gypsies were treated almost as badly as the Jews - 85% of
Germany's gypsies were killed.…read more

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Nazi Germany - Controlling Germany…read more

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