Nature and origins of conflict w/ examples

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  • Created on: 12-08-14 11:02
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Using one or more examples outline the nature and origins of conflict. In your answer you
may refer to the influences of one or more of identity, ethnicity, culture, resources and
ideology
Conflict is a state of disagreement caused by the perceived or actual opposition of needs,
values and interests between people. It is often about the opposing views of a subject and the
opinion of the people involved and can be either violent or nonviolent. Violent conflicts often
involve harsh acts such as war, terrorism and insurrection whilst nonviolent conflicts do not
involve force or armed struggle. These conflicts can be presented in the form of silent
protests and petitions. The first origin of a conflict can come from identity which is a sense of
belonging to a group or geographical area where there is the same generic character.
Anything that a person likes can be linked to identity so an example of a conflict which could
stem from this could be the conflict between two football fans over the best football team.
The nature of this kind of conflict is nonviolent as it would be an exchange of words between
two individuals instead of an actual fight. Conflict could originate from the idea of culture
which can be viewed as the customs, arts and social interactions of a particular nation,
people, or other social group. An example of a cultural conflict could be the debate over
abortion, particularly between Catholics and any other religion as Catholics are known to
oppose all forms of abortion procedures. The next one is ethnicity which is a social group of
people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, cultural, social, or national
experience. Conflict could occur between two groups of people of different cultures and
backgrounds, for example, you could class the fight for land in Israel between the
Palestinians and Israelis as a violent conflict as their disagreements in 1948 resulted in war.
Conflict may also arise when linked to resources, a source or supply from which benefit is
produced. Typically resources are materials, services, staff, or other assets that are
transformed. An example of conflict over resources could be the number of conflicts in the
UK over large building projects that have achieved public and national notoriety. These could
include the Newbury bypass in Berkshire, the second runway at Manchester Airport and the
building of the Olympic site in London for the 2012 games. All of these projects would have
been beneficial for the public in the longrun making transport easier between places easier
and providing a sufficient place to do sport however, conflict may have occurred due to the
disruption of the lives of the local people who lived near these areas. Some of them may have
had to move for these projects to ensue and the nature of this conflict would probably have
been nonviolent and dealt with in the form of petitions. Lastly, conflict could originate from
ideology which is a body of ideas that reflects the beliefs and interests of a nation and their
political system. In particular, an ideological conflict is caused when a person's values are
being changed. An example of an ideological conflict could be the conflict between
communists and capitalists, in particular the Cold War, which involved the fight between the
Soviet Union and the United States and this would have been a violent conflict as it involved
many deaths.

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