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Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher who disagreed with Plato's theory
of the forms.
Aristotle was an empiricist the only true knowledge we have is from the real
world/world around us.…read more

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Aristotle thought that the Prime Move = GOD
God is a final cause in itself all things want to be in the image of God's
perfection and are drawn towards him.
Aristotle saw the body and soul as united = Monist
He said that the body and soul are inseparable.
The soul possesses reason and it is because of this that humans can develop
intellectually and morally.
Virtue Ethics
Virtue ethics is interested in defining good people and what it means to be
good.…read more

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Reaching Eudamonia involves reason. This is because reason is completely
unique to humans and Eudamonia is the greatest human achievement.
Eudamonia is of intrinsic value should be desired for its own sake.
Individuals that develop these virtues will not act in a particular way because
they ought to but because they have identified the right way to act.
Golden Mean
Aristotle identified 12 moral virtues.
The golden mean can be defined as the perfect balance between two
EG.…read more

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Can Eudamonia ever be achieved
or is it an unachievable ideal?
Aquinas was an absolutist and a deontological thinker.
Aquinas took and developed Aristotle's law and added the idea on the "eternal
law of God"
For Aquinas, natural law evaluates what you do (externally) and why you do it
A moral life is lived according too and in accordance with reason
Reason determine the ultimate purpose of human life i.e. fellowship & unity with
God.…read more

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Secondary precepts
Secondary precepts uphold the primary precepts
Humans are then to use their reason to establish rules that will fulfil the
requirements of the primary precepts
E.G.…read more

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Casuistry is the name given to the process of applying Natural Law principles
to specific situations.…read more

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Natural Moral Law is clear cut & Aquinas took it for granted that
absolutist opinion and God created the world and
preference do not matter. therefore humans for a purpose
It is universal not everybody would agree
It combines faith with reason Equally, Aquinas could be wrong
morality is more than just about the human purpose
obedience to God but involves Humans may have different or
human reason as well.…read more

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Human Life (every aspect of vitality including health and procreation)
Aesthetic appreciation
Practical reasonableness bringing your intelligence into practical moral
Like Aquinas, all these have intrinsic value.
9 principles of practical reasonableness
9 ways to help us make the correct moral decisions to achieve the 7 basic goods
practical reasonableness
a plan for life a sense of commitment
commitment to all basic goods
no arbitrary preference towards others i.e.…read more


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