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Slide 2

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Aristotle's Opinion
Aristotle concluded that there
were four causes for the existence
of an object.
He described them in great detail
and believed that they would
determine the purpose of an object.…read more

Slide 3

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What is this material made of?
The table is made of wood, glue and
nails. This stage is called the material
stage. Materials always have the
potential for change, e.g. in a fire, or
left in the rain.…read more

Slide 4

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How was it made
This happened because a person chose
to manufacture it. This stage is called
the efficient Cause and the important
question here is, How does it happen?
Don't forget that an efficient cause may
not be a person. A gust of wind may be
the efficient cause of a tree falling
over. Just as with the table, the
efficient cause is not only the materials
used to make it, but also the person who
made it.…read more

Slide 5

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What are the characteristics of
the table?
We recognise it is a table because it has
four legs and a flat surface on the top
and this belongs to a group we call
furniture. What we are doing is looking
at the design of the object then
mentally fitting it into a category we
already know. This is the formal Cause?…read more

Slide 6

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What is it for?
A table provides us with a useful surface to
put things on. Here Aristotle examines the
purpose of an object, the reason it exists at
all. He called it the Final Cause.
The important question here is, `what is it
This is the most important stage. When the
purpose if fully realised then full perfection
is reached.…read more

Slide 7

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