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Natural Law.…read more

Slide 2

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Natural Law is..
· When we achieve our Eudaimonia from
Aristotle (human flourishing) through
reason.…read more

Slide 3

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Thomas Aquinas
· Influenced by Aristotle teachings
· God created the world with a purpose
and Aquinas believed this was the final
cause of everything that has or is in
existence.…read more

Slide 4

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Believes Of Natural Law
· Natural Law says that everything has a purpose, and that mankind
was made by God with a specific design or objective in mind
(although it doesn't require belief in God). It says that this purpose
can be known through reason. As a result, fulfilling the purpose of
our design is the only `good' for humans.
· It is deontological, looking at the intent behind an action and the
nature of the act itself, not its outcomes.…read more

Slide 5

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Primary Precepts
· The purpose of humans - the Primary Precepts
· In four words, 'Do good, avoid evil'. In more detail, Aquinas talked of
Primary Precepts. Whilst you probably think of Natural Law as a
deontological position (deon- duty; deontological ethical positions have
absolute rules that it is our duty to follow), this part is teleological. Telos-
purpose. What is our purpose - what are we designed for?
· Worship God
· Ordered society
· Reproduction
· Learning
· Defend the innocent…read more

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Secondary Precepts
· These are the rules - absolute deonotological principles -
that are derived from the Primary Precepts. For example,
the teleological principle "Protect and preserve the
innocent" leads to rules such as "Do not abort," "Do not
commit euthanasia" etc. These rules cannot be broken,
regardless of the consequences. They are absolute laws.…read more

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