'Nationalism is a nineteenth century ideology'. Discuss. ESSAY PLAN

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`Nationalism is a nineteenth century ideology'. Discuss
Introduction (see Plan 1)
P1 ­ Liberal/romantic nationalism
Enlightenment
French/American Revolution (liberal ideas = nationalism)
Unification of Germany (economic) and Italy
o Mazzini: "God has given you your country as cradle, and humanity as mother; you cannot
rightly love your brethren of the cradle if you love not the common mother"
o Bismarck: "The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and
majority decisions but by iron and blood."
P2 ­ Expansionist nationalism/Imperialism
19th Century ­ British Empire Ireland/India (economic liberalism)
20th Century ­ Nazism, Fascism ­ closest to `true' nationalism; not based on economics (race)
o Lebensraum (Rosenberg) and Volksgemeinschaft
o Rosenberg: "Germanic ides of comradeship ... which has already been symbolically
expressed through the replacement of the rosary by the spade of labour"
P3 ­ Result of WW2
Shame of nationalism
Soviet Union's expansionism (Ukraine)
USA's economic imperialism
Nationalism from the superpowers existed economically
P4 ­ 21st Century Revival
Arab Spring
Patriotism (synonymous, but preferred term; stigma on nationalism still exists)
o Charles de Gaulle: "Patriotism is when love of your own people comes first; nationalism,
when hate for people other than your own comes first"
Conclusion (see Plan 1)

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