First 236 words of the document:
`Nationalism is a nineteenth century ideology'. Discuss
Introduction (see Plan 1)
P1 Liberal/romantic nationalism
French/American Revolution (liberal ideas = nationalism)
Unification of Germany (economic) and Italy
o Mazzini: "God has given you your country as cradle, and humanity as mother; you cannot
rightly love your brethren of the cradle if you love not the common mother"
o Bismarck: "The great questions of the day will not be settled by means of speeches and
majority decisions but by iron and blood."
P2 Expansionist nationalism/Imperialism
19th Century British Empire Ireland/India (economic liberalism)
20th Century Nazism, Fascism closest to `true' nationalism; not based on economics (race)
o Lebensraum (Rosenberg) and Volksgemeinschaft
o Rosenberg: "Germanic ides of comradeship ... which has already been symbolically
expressed through the replacement of the rosary by the spade of labour"
P3 Result of WW2
Shame of nationalism
Soviet Union's expansionism (Ukraine)
USA's economic imperialism
Nationalism from the superpowers existed economically
P4 21st Century Revival
Patriotism (synonymous, but preferred term; stigma on nationalism still exists)
o Charles de Gaulle: "Patriotism is when love of your own people comes first; nationalism,
when hate for people other than your own comes first"
Conclusion (see Plan 1)