Edexcel A: National strategies for saving energy

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National strategies for saving energy
National Carbon Plan
The government have recently published a national carbon plan for the whole of the UK. This plan
shows ways of maintaining a steady decline in carbon emissions until they reach 80%less than the
1990 levels before/in 2050. Each carbon budget within the plan lasts for five years, giving a
reasonable amount of time to secure the results. The first of these budgets is currently in its fourth
year of progress and will come to an end in December next year. By 2020, the government hope to
have cut carbon emissions by 34%. The first four carbon budgets have been set in law; therefore
they will have to be carried out, no matter what happens between now and 2027. By the end of this
year, the government are hoping to have hit targets of a 23% decline. This will considerably reduce
greenhouse gas emissions from the UK, thus reducing the country's carbon footprint.
The Green Deal
Secondly; the government have set up a "Green Deal", which is set to run from next October, and will
make it far easier for households to save energy. This will work by encouraging households to sign up
to the scheme. By doing this, any money they save by using less energy will go towards insulation for
houses across the nation. All energy bills will remain the same, with the occasional few reducing. This
insulation will go to less fortunate households who cannot afford the insulation that they require.
Renewable energy
Thirdly, the government will introduce more methods of renewable energy. These will include wind
farms and solar panels, alongside many more. These will inevitably cut greenhouse gas emissions,
because there will be little need to burn fossil fuels to generate energy. This will reduce the
country's carbon footprint, as less greenhouse gasses will be released into the already polluted
atmosphere. In addition to cutting emissions, the scheme will provide business opportunities for
many unemployed workers across the UK and the rest of the world, allowing other countries to learn
from us and develop their own renewable energy industries. If we can reduce the international
carbon footprint, we could postpone global warming for many years, therefore extending the life of
our planet.
Heat
Next; heat. Heat is the biggest single energy consumer in the UK. On average, we spend around £33
billion per year on hearing out homes, offices, transport and workplaces. The vast majority of this
heat comes from burning fossil fuels. This is something that the government are keen to change. This
amounts to over a third of the total greenhouse gas emissions in the UK. The alternatives for heat
energy will depend greatly on the geography of the place. For a coastal town, hydropower is an
ideal alternative; however this wouldn't be the case in the midlands for instance. We need to find
other alternatives for heat as soon as possible, as it is a major contributor to greenhouse gases.
Biomass
Biomass is renewable energy derived from plants or animals. It is a versatile fuel and can be used in
many different ways. The government are using biomass mainly because it is easy to predict the
production levels of biomass than it is for any other form of renewable energy. The government are

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Dry
biomass is commonly burned to create heat energy, whereas wet biomass is converted into
flammable biogas. In order to make biomass sustainable, we need to regularly replant the crops and
plants we use in the making.
Hydroelectricity
Hydroelectric power is power generated by falling water. As we receive a high amount of rainfall in
the UK, we have an awful lot of falling water. We could put this to use by turning it into
hydroelectricity.…read more

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