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Rwanda Conflict

Example of a National Conflict

CAUSES

Long-term

Always been TENSIONS between TUTSI minority and HUTU majority
Animosity grew from COLONIAL PERIOD:
1. 1916: BELGIAN COLONISTS ARRIVE- produce identity cards classifying people according to
ethnicity
2. Belgians considered TUTSI's SUPERIOR ­ For next 20 YEARS Tutsi's enjoyed better
lifestyle/jobs/education…

Page 2

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EFFECTS

Short-term

Government collapses
RPF declare ceasefire- VICTORIOUS
Multi-ethnic government set up
The pair end up falling out
Tutsi leader stays in power
Presence of Hutu militants in Congo lead to conflict there ­ 5 MILLION DEAD
Tutsi government invades Congo twice- want to wipe out hutu forces

Long-term

PSYCHOLOGICAL…

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