Music Vocab you need to know

Intervals, cadences, melodic movement, textures, tempo, phrasing, articulation, ornamentation, tonality, voices, degrees of the scale, dynamics, structure, form, musical devices, rhythmic devices, rhythmic features, orchestral playing techniques and recording techniques

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  • Created by: Olivia
  • Created on: 11-01-10 16:18
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INTERVALS
Answer will never be 2nd or 7th's (they clash!)
Unison ­ same pitch
Octave ­ 8 notes apart (choirs sing)
3rd's and 6th's sound nice
4th's and 5th's sound bare
CADENCES
Formed by 2 chords at the end of a passage
Perfect ­ sounds finished
Imperfect ­ sounds unfinished
Plagal ­ sounds like its ended but not strong
Interrupted ­ Not expected (change from minor to major or other way round)
MELODIC MOVEMENT
How the melody moves
Step ­ one note to the next (e.g. C to D)
Leap ­ jump (e.g. C to E)
Scalic ­ describing the pattern of a scale
Chromatic ­ semitone movement
Broken chord ­ Notes of a chord mixed up
TEXTURES
Don't put thick or thin
Monophonic ­ one instrument
Homophonic ­ 1 instrument plus accompaniment
Polyphonic ­ lots of melodies
Heterophonic ­ decorated form of the melody played at the same time as the melody
Unison ­ everyone plays the same
TEMPO
Try to use the Italian name
Largo ­ slow
Presto ­ fast
Rallentando/ Ritardando ­ Slow down
Accelerando ­ Faster
Allegro ­ Lively
Allegretto ­ Slower than allegro
Andante ­ At a walking speed
Adagio ­ Slow
Moderato ­ At a moderate pace
Rubato ­ Frequently changing tempo
PHRASING/ARTICULATION

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Try to use the Italian name
Legato ­ smooth
Staccato ­ short and sharp
ORNAMENTATION
Trill (first choice)
Turn
Mordent (distracter)
Passing note (distracter)
TONALITY
Major
Minor
Modal (distracter)
Atonal (distracter)
VOICES
Soprano
Alto
Tenor
Bass
Countertenor
DEGREES OF THE SCALE
Know the primary chords
Tonic ­ chord 1
Dominant ­ chord 5
Subdominant ­ chord 4
DYNAMICS
Try to use the Italian name
Pianissimo ­ pp
Piano ­ p
Mezzo piano ­ mp
Mezzo forte ­ mf
Forte ­ f
Fortissimo ­ ff
Crescendo…read more

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Binary ­ AB
Ternary ­ ABA
Extended Binary ­ AABB
Rondo ­ ABACADA (round, repeating parts, in classical music only)
Verse and Chorus ­ (pop song)
Variations ­ things follow and change slightly
Ground Bass ­ a repeating bass line
Theme and Variations ­ a theme followed by a set of variations (things change e.g.…read more

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Sampling and looping ­ take someone else's sound/part of their work then loop it
(repeat it)
Delay ­ like an echo, repeating a sound quieter each time
Panning ­ spreading the sound from left to right speaker
Reverb ­ makes a bad singer sound good
Distortion ­ makes guitar sound bad
Vocoder ­ manipulates spoken voices
Echo ­ applied to odd words not to whole track…read more

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