Music Vocab you need to know

Intervals, cadences, melodic movement, textures, tempo, phrasing, articulation, ornamentation, tonality, voices, degrees of the scale, dynamics, structure, form, musical devices, rhythmic devices, rhythmic features, orchestral playing techniques and recording techniques

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  • Created by: Olivia
  • Created on: 11-01-10 16:18
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INTERVALS
Answer will never be 2nd or 7th's (they clash!)
Unison ­ same pitch
Octave ­ 8 notes apart (choirs sing)
3rd's and 6th's sound nice
4th's and 5th's sound bare

CADENCES
Formed by 2 chords at the end of a passage
Perfect ­ sounds finished
Imperfect ­ sounds unfinished…

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Try to use the Italian name
Legato ­ smooth
Staccato ­ short and sharp

ORNAMENTATION
Trill (first choice)
Turn
Mordent (distracter)
Passing note (distracter)

TONALITY
Major
Minor
Modal (distracter)
Atonal (distracter)

VOICES
Soprano
Alto
Tenor
Bass
Countertenor

DEGREES OF THE SCALE
Know the primary chords
Tonic ­ chord 1
Dominant…

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Binary ­ AB
Ternary ­ ABA
Extended Binary ­ AABB
Rondo ­ ABACADA (round, repeating parts, in classical music only)
Verse and Chorus ­ (pop song)
Variations ­ things follow and change slightly
Ground Bass ­ a repeating bass line
Theme and Variations ­ a theme followed by a set…

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Sampling and looping ­ take someone else's sound/part of their work then loop it
(repeat it)
Delay ­ like an echo, repeating a sound quieter each time
Panning ­ spreading the sound from left to right speaker
Reverb ­ makes a bad singer sound good
Distortion ­ makes guitar sound…

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