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The Basics
Before we can begin looking in depth
at the course, you must ensure that
you have a firm grasp on some basic
music theory which you will need to
get through your GCSE music.
The next slide contains some KEY
WORDS and their definitions ­
make sure you are familiar with
them all and if not.....ask!!…read more

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When more than 1 note is The position of a note on the
played simultaneously (at the stave tells you how high or low to
same time). play it. The symbol also tells you
how long or short the note is (its
STRUCTURE duration)
This is the overall plan of
the music. Different types of
music have different This tells you how many beats
structures. are in a bar. The top number
CLEF tells you the number of beats in
a bar, the bottom tells you what
These symbols at the start f a TYPE of beats these are.
line tell you how high or low
to play the notes.
STAVE This is how high or low the
note is. Notes higher up on the
The five lines are called the
stave have a higher pitch, notes
STAVE. Notes can go on or
lower on the stave have a lower
between the lines, or on separate
short lines above or below…read more

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Each bar has the same number This is at the beginning of
of beats (unless otherwise the piece and indicates what
indicated by an additional key the piece is in by
time signature). displaying the relevant
sharps or flats for that key.
Triplets are when 3 notes BAR
are played in the space of
Music is broken up into bars. Each
bar has the same number of beats.
The number of beats is indicated
by the time signature.
Is there anything so far you are unsure about?
We will cover some of these things in more detail over the
next few lessons.…read more

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The Piano Keyboard
On a keyboard, the WHITE notes are called `natural notes'
The BLACK notes are SHARPS and FLATS. Different key signatures
and scales have different sets of SHARPS and FLATS.
The `C' at the centre of a piano keyboard is known as MIDDLE C.
The WHITE NOTES from C to C make up the notes of the C major
scale.…read more

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Tones and
C# Semitones
Scales and melodies
C B C in music are built up
of tones and
SEMITONE A semitone is the
smallest interval
between 2 notes in
western music.
A tone is the second
smallest gap between
2 notes in western
G A music and is made up
of 2 semitones.
TONE…read more

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