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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Texture
Refers
to
the
number
and
type
of
sounds
heard
together,
thus,
a
simple
texture
would
consist
of
one
or
two
lines
of
music
Harmonic/Homophonic
A
type
of
musical
texture
where
different
parts
sing
and/or
play
different
notes
but
move
together
in
the
same
rhythm
Melody
with
Where
the
melody
is
most
important,
usually
being
played
above
a
chordal
accompaniment
accompaniment
Broken
chords
Normally
referring
to
a
type
of
accompaniment
figure
derived
from
spreading
the
notes
of
a…read more

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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Conjunct
Melodic
movement
by
step
Disjunct
Melodic
movement
by
leap
Triadic
A
type
of
melodic
movement
through
the
notes
of
a
triad
Scalic
Melodic
movement
using
a
scale,
moving
upwards
or
downwards
in
steps
Arpeggio
Playing
the
notes
of
a
chord
by
spreading
them
out
(usually
from
the
bottom),
a
feature
commonly
used
by
piano,
harp
and
guitar
Passing
notes
A
melodic
note
placed
between
two
harmony
notes
which
results
in
stepwise
movement
Acciaccaturas
A
note
of
decoration…read more

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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Ostinato
A
repeated
musical
phrase
or
rhythm
Riff
Same
as
an
ostinato
but
associated
with
more
popular
styles
of
music
Phrasing
Dividing
a
melody
into
phrases
or
short
units,
e.g.…read more

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Texture
! Texture
describes
how
much
is
going
on
in
the
music
at
any
one
time
! It
is
about
the
different
ways
instruments
and
voices
are
combined
in
a
piece
of
music…read more

Page 6

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Harmonic/homophonic
! These
terms,
referring
to
texture,
mean
the
same
thing:
a
texture
that
is
essentially
chordal
! It
may
also
be
described
as
a
melody
with
accompaniment,
since
the
melody
line
is
the
most
important
! The
melody
is
usually,
but
not
always,
at
the
top
of
the
texture,
with
other
parts
providing
some
kind
of
chordal
accompaniment…read more

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Broken
chords
! It
is
possible
to
play
the
notes
of
a
chord
separately,
one
after
the
other
! This
is
called
a
broken
chord
! Broken
chord
patterns
provide
a
more
gentle,
flowing
accompaniment
to
a
melody
than
when
the
chord
notes
are
played
together…read more

Page 8

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Polyphonic/Contrapuntal
! These
terms
also
mean
the
same
thing,
but
are
very
different
from
harmonic/homophonic
texture
! A
polyphonic/contrapuntal
texture
consists
of
weaving
together
two
or
more
equally
important
melodic
lines,
which
all
fit
together
harmonically
! A
polyphonic/contrapuntal
texture
typically
sounds
`busy'…read more

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Imitative
! To
imitate
means
to
copy,
and
this
is
exactly
what
happens
in
the
music
! One
vocal
or
instrumental
part
starts
off
playing
a
melody,
which
is
immediately
copied,
or
imitated,
by
another
voice
or
instrumental
part,
though
not
necessarily
at
the
same
pitch
! Usually,
it
is
only
the
first
few
notes
of
the
melody
which
are
imitated,
and
several
voices
or
instrumental
parts
may
take
turns
to
imitate
the
opening
of
the
original
melody…read more

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Canonic
! A
canon
is
a
particular
type
of
imitation
! It
is
like
a
round,
where
the
imitating
voice
or
instrumental
part
repeats
the
entire
melody,
not
just
the
opening
! Of
course,
as
in
a
round,
several
voices
or
instrumental
parts
might
be
involved
in
the
canon…read more

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