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Musical Technical Terms
Dynamics:
Estinto ­ as soft as possible
Fortepiano (fp) ­ loud, then immediately soft
Calando ­ getting softer, dying away
Morendo - dying away
Niente ­ nothing (silence)
Perdendosi ­ dying away
Crescendo (cresc.) ­ gradually getting louder
Decrescendo (decresc.) ­ gradually getting quieter
Diminuendo (dim.) ­…

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Moderato ­ moderate speed

Presto - fast (faster than allegro)

Rallentando (rall.) ­ gradually getting slower

Ritardando (rit.) - gradually getting slower

Ritenuto ­ held back

Rubato ­ with some freedom of time

Senza misura ­ in free time

Smorzando ­ dying away in tone and speed

Stringendo ­ gradually…

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Amoroso ­ loving
Anima - spirit
Animado ­ becoming or lively
Animato ­ animated, lively
Appassionato ­ with passion
Brio ­ vigour
Cantabile - in a singing style
Cantando ­ singing
Deciso ­ with determination
Delicate ­ delicate
Dolce ­ sweet, soft
Dolente ­ sad, mournful
Dolore ­ grief
Doloroso…

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Legerement ­ light
Breit - broad, expansive
Frohlich ­ cheerful, joyful
Ruhig ­ peaceful
Suss - sweet
Traurig - sad
Zart ­ tender, delicate

Other (Italian)
Al, alla - in the style of...
Assai ­ very
Ben ­ well
Come - as, similar to
Con, col ­ with
E, ed…

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Mais ­ but
Moins - less
Non - not
Peu ­ little
Plus ­ more
Sans ­ without
Tres ­ very
Un, une ­ one

Other (German):
Aber - but
Ausdruck - expression
Ein - one
Einfach ­ simple
Etwas - somewhat, rather
Immer ­ always
Mit ­ with
Nicht…

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