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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Structure/Form
Terms
to
describe
the
way
musical
ideas
are
arranged
and
ordered
in
a
composition
Repetition
Repeating
musical
phrases
or
sections
of
the
music
Contrast
A
musical
section
that
is
different
from
what
has
been
heard
before
Binary
A
piece
of
music
in
two
sections
(A
B)
Ternary
A
piece
of
music
in
three
sections
(A
B
A)
Call
and
Response
The
opening
phrase
is
answered
or
completed
by
one
or
more
other
musicians
Rondo
Music
in
at…read more

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Definition
of
Key
Terms
Key
Word
Definition
Da
capo
aria
An
aria
in
ternary
form
Cyclic
A
composition
where
the
theme
recurs,
possibly
in
different
styles,
throughout
the
work
Ground
Bass
Music
where
a
bass
pattern
(or
melody
in
the
bass)
is
repeated
a
number
of
times
while
the
parts
above
alter
Continuo
This
refers
to
the
type
of
bass
part
written
in
the
baroque
period,
consisting
of
a
bass
line
with,
sometimes,
the
addition
of
figures
indicating
the
harmonies
to
be
played,
known
as…read more

Page 4

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Structure
and
Form
! Structure
and
form
are
words
that
are
used
to
describe
the
way
musical
ideas
are
arranged
and
ordered
ina
composition
! In
most
pieces
of
music,
this
is
concerned
with
how
a
composer
balances
repetition
and
contrast
! Repetition
of
previous
musical
material
is
useful
in
creating
a
sense
of
unity
within
a
piece,
although
too
much
repetition
can
result
in
the
music
becoming
predictable
and
boring…read more

Page 5

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Structure
and
Form
! There
are
many
ways
in
which
contrasts
or
changes
to
the
music
can
be
introduced
­
for
example,
the
introduction
of
a
new
melody,
a
new
key,
or
different
harmonies
or
instrumentation
! This
adds
variety
and
interest,
but
too
much
contrast
may
make
the
music
seem
confusing
and
lacking
in
shape
! It
is
usual
to
identify
the
different
sections
in
a
piece
of
music
by
using
letter
names,
so
that
the
opening
section
would
be
called
A,
and
each…read more

Page 6

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Binary
Form
! A
piece
that
is
in
binary
form
has
two
sections
of
roughly
equal
length
! The
first
section
(A)
is
answered
by
the
second
section
(B)
! Each
section
is
usually
repeated
! There
is
also
usually
a
change
of
key,
or
modulation
during
Section
A,
so
that
it
ends
in
a
new
key
! If
the
piece
is
in
a
major
key
this
is
most
likely
to
be
the
dominant
! In
minor
keys
the
modulation
is
typically
to
the
relative…read more

Page 7

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Ternary
Form
! Ternary
form
is
built
up
in
three
sections,
A
B
A
! Section
B
contains
music
that
contrasts
with
Section
A
in
some
way
! The
repeat
of
section
A
(A2)
can
be
exactly
the
same
as
the
original,
or
the
composer
may
have
changed
some
details
to
make
it
more
interesting
than
listening
to
a
straight
repeat…read more

Page 8

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Call
and
response
! Call
and
response
is
where
a
musical
phrase
that
is
played
or
sung
by
one
musician,
is
immediately
followed
by
a
responding
phrase
from
another
musician
or
the
whole
group
! It
is
common
in
traditional
African
music,
and
in
African-
American
music
such
as
spirituals,
gospel,
blues
and
jazz…read more

Page 9

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Rondo
Form
! The
word
rondo
is
taken
from
a
Latin
word
which
means
`to
return',
and
that
is
exactly
what
happens
in
the
music
! The
main
theme
(A)
keeps
on
returning,
with
contrasting
sections
of
music
in
between
! These
contrasting
sections
are
called
episodes
! Rondo
is
an
example
of
a
multi-sectional
form,
since
it
has
more
sections
than
binary
or
ternary
form…read more

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Rondo
Form
! Here
is
an
example
of
a
rondo
form
that
has
two
contrasting
episodes,
although
it
is
not
unusual
to
find
rondos
that
have
three,
four
or
even
more
episodes
! Of
course,
as
previously
mentioned,
a
composer
may
change
the
repeats
of
the
main
theme
in
some
way
(often
by
making
them
shorter),
since
it
`returns'
a
number
of
times…read more

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