Pages in this set

Page 1

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Area
of
Study
Five

Structure
and
Form

Page 2

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Structure/Form
Terms
to
describe
the
way
musical
ideas
are
arranged
and
ordered
in
a
composition

Repetition
Repeating
musical
phrases
or
sections
of
the
music

Contrast
A
musical
section
that
is
different
from
what
has
been
heard
before

Binary
A
piece
of
music
in…

Page 3

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Definition
of
Key
Terms

Key
Word
Definition

Da
capo
aria
An
aria
in
ternary
form

Cyclic
A
composition
where
the
theme
recurs,
possibly
in
different
styles,
throughout
the
work

Ground
Bass
Music
where
a
bass
pattern
(or
melody
in
the
bass)
is
repeated
a
number
of
times
while
the
parts…

Page 4

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Structure
and
Form

! Structure
and
form
are
words
that
are
used
to
describe
the

way
musical
ideas
are
arranged
and
ordered
ina

composition

! In
most
pieces
of
music,
this
is
concerned
with
how
a

composer
balances
repetition
and
contrast

! Repetition
of
previous
musical
material
is
useful
in…

Page 5

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Structure
and
Form

! There
are
many
ways
in
which
contrasts
or
changes
to
the
music
can

be
introduced
­
for
example,
the
introduction
of
a
new
melody,
a
new

key,
or
different
harmonies
or
instrumentation


! This
adds
variety
and
interest,
but
too
much
contrast
may
make
the

music…

Page 6

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Binary
Form

! A
piece
that
is
in
binary
form
has
two
sections
of
roughly
equal
length


! The
first
section
(A)
is
answered
by
the
second
section
(B)


! Each
section
is
usually
repeated


! There
is
also
usually
a
change
of
key,
or
modulation
during
Section
A,
so…

Page 7

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Ternary
Form

! Ternary
form
is
built
up
in
three
sections,
A
B
A


! Section
B
contains
music
that
contrasts
with
Section
A
in

some
way


! The
repeat
of
section
A
(A2)
can
be
exactly
the
same
as
the

original,
or
the
composer
may
have
changed
some
details…

Page 8

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Call
and
response

! Call
and
response
is
where
a
musical
phrase
that
is

played
or
sung
by
one
musician,
is
immediately
followed

by
a
responding
phrase
from
another
musician
or
the

whole
group


! It
is
common
in
traditional
African
music,
and
in
African-
American
music
such
as
spirituals,…

Page 9

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Rondo
Form

! The
word
rondo
is
taken
from
a
Latin
word
which
means

`to
return',
and
that
is
exactly
what
happens
in
the
music


! The
main
theme
(A)
keeps
on
returning,
with
contrasting

sections
of
music
in
between


! These
contrasting
sections
are
called
episodes


! Rondo
is…

Page 10

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Rondo
Form

! Here
is
an
example
of
a
rondo
form
that
has
two

contrasting
episodes,
although
it
is
not
unusual
to
find

rondos
that
have
three,
four
or
even
more
episodes


! Of
course,
as
previously
mentioned,
a
composer
may

change
the
repeats
of
the
main
theme
in
some…

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