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Musculoskeletal Disorders
Year 13
Caring for Older People…read more

Slide 2

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Disorders of the musculoskeletal
system include:
· Osteoarthritis
· Osteoporosis
· Rheumatoid arthritis
· and rheumatism…read more

Slide 3

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Where joints meet , the ends of bones are
protected by cartilage.
· A synovial membrane filled with fluid and
covered by ligaments covers the space
between the joints.
· Joints can either be a ball or socket (such as
the hip) or a hinge joint (like the elbow)
· These joints can become damaged as people
age.…read more

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Slide 5

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How joints can become damaged with
· The cartilage can become thinner with age
and may lose water becoming less elastic
· In osteoarthritis, the bone ends can thicken
and in the later stages can form bony spurs,
which restrict movement of the joint
· The hips and knees are most commonly
affected and cause stiffness and pain,
together with restricted movement.…read more

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· Osteoarthritis is sometimes referred to as
degenerative joint disease and is the most
common form of arthritis. Symptoms include
pain, stiffness and swelling.
· It is a chronic (long-term), degenerative disease
that causes the breakdown of cartilage in the
joints. Treatment options to reduce pain and
disability can include lifestyle changes (diet,
exercise), therapies, medication and surgery.…read more

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