First 120 words of the document:
Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being under the Queen's Peace with malice aforethought.
This definition is derived from Sir Edward Coke. An unlawful killing is a killing that takes place outside
of war time and causes a death of another. A human being is anything that can exist independently of
its mother. (AG Ref No2. 1993). The Queen's peace is when the country is not at war. The Mens rea
for murder is malice aforethought which is intention to kill (express malice) or intention to cause GBH
(implied malice). Direct intent where D has a desired outcome. indirect intent virtually certain to occur
and D appreciated this. (Woolin).