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Rural-urban migration and hyper
Increased rich/poor Slums
Urban Sprawl / "Wild Development"
Pressure on
Wages are lowered due to willing
Job competition increases.
Air pollution from
slums/heavy industry
City Health issues across the
WHOLE city
New comers to developing world "inhabit" old
Often built on
Water supply stressed,
dangerous land ­ no
often polluted too.
health insurance ­ cost.…read more

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Hyper Urbanisation in Mumbai
When Hyper Urbanisation is involved the rate
at which the slums expand is so fast that:
all systems are stressed
no chance of legal enrolment is easily
available to all
600 new migrants arrive a day- By 2020 there
is an expected population of 26 million and
could become the world's largest city…read more

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Subjective benefits
Home of more millionaires than NY
Home of Bollywood
Cumulative FDI flows (affluent areas benefit)
Congestion/pollution/water problems
Bright Light Syndrome ­ not all can achieve what they
aspire to.
Global Hub of communications ­ jobs in IT and call
centres ONLY for those who meet requirements (speak
60% live in poverty in Dharavi
Decreasing old manufacturing jobs increasing
informal economy…read more

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Dharavi ­ Sustainable Slum?
80% water is recycled ­ 10,000 jobs ­ saves $1.5
million annually.
ACORN's Dharavi project has organized a union of
hundreds of recyclers.
Schools are involved in recycling programmes too.
Prince Charles described it as a "model for sustainable
Potential to use land very sustainably and efficiently ;
"light" architecture's skyscraper complex plan.
200,000 jobs in Special Export Zones (SPZs)
Investing in energy efficient trains for carbon credits…read more

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Vision Mumbai
A report/blueprint plan to create a "world class city"
that began work in 2004.
Aims to improve two main aspects ­ economic
growth and ­ quality of life.
Uses techniques seen in Shanghai and Cleveland
in the 1980s.
Plans to remove Dharavi; by 2007 200,000 people
were moved and 45,000 homes destroyed to clear
development land.
There are six main steps outlined to reach the 15
year plan...…read more

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